Comparison of Topical 10 Percent Lidocaine and a Local Anesthetic System in Pediatric Dental Patients

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research

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We examined electropharmacological effects of azithromycin in intravenous doses of 0.3, 3 and 30 mg/kg using microminipigs under the halothane anesthesia (n=4), which provided plasma concentrations of 3.1, 11.2 and 120.4 μg/mL, respectively. The low dose did not alter any of the cardiohemodynamic or electrocardiographic variables. The middle dose significantly shortened QT interval for 10-20 min and QTc for 10-30 min. The high dose significantly decreased mean blood pressure for 5-60 min, prolonged QRS width at 20 min, but shortened QT interval for 15-20 min and QTc for 15-30 min (n=3). Cardiohemodynamic collapse occurr...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Might the specific composition of an anesthesia care team impact surgical outcomes in terms of mortality, length of stay, and costs?Anesthesiology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news
Authors: Lin HS, McBride RL, Hubbard RE Abstract Frailty is a state of decreased physiologic reserve and resistance to stressors. Its prevalence increases with age and is estimated to be 26% in those aged above 85 years. As the population ages, frailty will be increasingly seen in surgical patients receiving anesthesia. Here, we evaluate the instruments which have been developed and validated for measuring frailty in surgical patients and summarize frailty tools used in 110 studies linking frailty status with adverse outcomes post-surgery. Frail older people are vulnerable to geriatric syndromes, and complications ...
Source: Local and Regional Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Local Reg Anesth Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- Also, how to manage a difficult airway
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2018Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Vahit Mutlu, Ilker InceAbstractObjectiveThe primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preemptive a single dose IV ibuprofen on postoperative 48 h opioid consumption and postoperative pain in patients undergoing thyroidectomy.MethodsThe study included 40 patients aged 18 to 65, scheduled for elective thyroidectomy. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. Control group (n = 20) received 100 mL saline solution 15 min before surgery, while study group (n = 20) received 800 mg IV ibuprof...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: DOMBA modulation of GABAA receptors is associated with sedation in mice. Metabolites of propanidid analogues currently in development may similarly modulate GABAA, and impaired elimination of these metabolites could produce clinically relevant neurophysiologic effects.Pharmacology 2019;103:10 –16
Source: Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Severin Ramin, Jonathan Charbit, Samir Jaber, Xavier Capdevila
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the association between postoperative surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission during a time when there was intensivist coverage and 30-day mortality after ICU admission.Methods:This was a retrospective observational study in a tertiary care academic hospital ICU, with daytime intensivist coverage. We collected the electronic medical records for all patients who were admitted to the postoperative ICU after undergoing a surgery between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2016. The primary outcome was to examine the differences in 30-day mortality after ICU admission according to ICU admissio...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This survey demonstrates that practice patterns for pain treatment and PONV prophylaxis after ambulatory surgery vary among French centres and are not always in line with national guidelines. Strategies to improve practices and make them more homogeneous are necessary.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Under 24 Months Children;   General Anesthesia With Endotracheal Intubation;   Effect of Position on Laryngoscopic View Intervention:   Other: Position Sponsor:   Inonu University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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