Comparison of Topical 10 Percent Lidocaine and a Local Anesthetic System in Pediatric Dental Patients

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): Yavor Metodiev, Mary Mushambi, S.M. Kinsella
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): David J. ChambersAbstractIntravenous infusions are required when a drug has a short half-life or a narrow therapeutic window. Pharmacokinetic models are employed to calculate the infusion rate for a particular target plasma concentration. While the one-compartment model is based on relatively simple mathematics, it is of little practical use. Multi-compartment models involve complex mathematics: a bolus-infusion regimen requires a variable-infusion rate. In clinical practice, this means incorporating the pharmacoki...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This article discusses consent, and its refusal, to medical interventions by children and adolescents.
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Niall Wilton, Henrik HackAbstractThe airway develops from the primitive foregut at 4 weeks’ gestation. Congenital anomalies may result when this process is abnormal. The anatomy of the airway at birth is uniquely different from older children and adults, with a large tongue, long floppy epiglottis, large occiput and cephalad larynx. These features affect the technique required for facemask ventilation, supraglottic airway use and endotracheal intubation. A neutral head position and straight bladed laryngoscop...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2019Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids, Volume 276Author(s): N. Kučerka, P. Hrubovčák, E. Dushanov, T. Kondela, Kh.T. Kholmurodov, J. Gallová, P. BalgavýAbstractThe location of n-decane molecules within the model biological membrane consisting of dioleoyl-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayers has been investigated via small angle neutron diffraction (SAND) method and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Diffraction patterns of the samples containing varied amounts of labeled and unlabeled n-decane have been obtained at various H2O:D2O scattering contrasts and utilized in the ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2018Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Hae-Won Chung, E. Nicholas Petersen, Cerrone Cabanos, Keith R. Murphy, Mahmud Arif Pavel, Andrew S. Hansen, William W. Ja, Scott B. HansenAbstractDespite the widespread consumption of ethanol, mechanisms underlying its anesthetic effects remain uncertain. n-Alcohols induce anesthesia up to a specific chain length and then lose potency—an observation known as the “chain-length cutoff effect.” This cutoff effect is thought to be mediated by alcohol binding sites on proteins such as ion channels, but where these ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Çetiner M, Aydın HE Abstract Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of valproic acid (VPA) and a new-generation antiepileptic drug called brivaracetam (BRV) on the brain damage occurring after status epilepticus (SE) in rats. Materials and methods: In our study, an experimental animal model of SE, generated by stereotaxically injecting 0.4–2 μg of kainic acid into the rat hippocampus, was used. The laboratory animals were divided into 4 groups: the first group was a sham group that was subjected to anesthesia and SE was not induced; the second group was...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: PTZ-induced seizure in rats increased myocardial injury and the incidence and number of VT episodes in myocardial ischemia. These results reveal that seizure in epilepsy patients may increase ventricular arrhythmia and myocardial injury during heart attack. PMID: 30543084 [PubMed]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine infusion was found to significantly reduce anxiety levels at the end of surgery compared to propofol during regional anesthesia. PMID: 30541250 [PubMed]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and TraumaAuthor(s): A. Paglia, R. Goderecci, N. Ciprietti, M. Lagorio, S. Necozione, V. CalvisiAbstractIntroductionTotal knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common procedure for improving mobility and quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis. Postoperative pain control management after TKA is still a concern as it relates to patients satisfaction and functional recovery 1,2.Many anesthetic regimens and techniques have been explored to decrease postoperative pain and enhance the fast recovery after TKA 3. The aim of this study was t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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