Subgaleal dermoid cyst of the anterior fontanelle in a child

We report a case of 14year old female who had subgaleal dermoid cyst of the anterior fontanel where the cyst could be excised completely with good outcome. Computed tomography scan is the investigations of choice as it will show the greater details of the lesion and its relation to the underlying structures. Characteristic scalloping of the outer table of cranium on radiographs can help to differentiate intracranial extension from extracranial location of the lesion.
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

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In this study, we acquired computed tomography scans of three Standardbred trotting colts longitudinally between 2 and 12 months of age. Finite-element models were constructed of the left forelimb proximal phalanx and used to assess strain energy density during quiet standing. Growth related changes in mineral density and bone area fraction in the distal epiphysis, mid-diaphysis, and proximal epiphysis were evaluated. Mineral density and bone area fraction uniformly increased in the diaphysis and strain energy density was constant during growth, indicating adaptation to quiet standing. Bone mineral density and bone area fr...
Source: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: J Mech Behav Biomed Mater Source Type: research
Authors: Conti MS, Ellis SJ Abstract Weight-bearing CT (WBCT) scans of the foot and ankle have improved the understanding of deformities that are not easily identified on radiographs and are increasingly being used by orthopaedic surgeons for diagnostic and preoperative planning purposes. In contrast to standard CT scans, WBCT scans better demonstrate the true orientation of the bones and joints during loading. They have been especially useful in investigating the alignment of complex pathologies such as adult-acquired flatfoot deformity in which patients have been found to have a more valgus subtalar joint alignme...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough rare, osteoid osteoma may occur in the hallux. Even if the patient age, pain pattern, and radiographic findings do not exactly meet the classical definitions for osteoid osteoma, this tumor should always be included in the differential diagnosis list in patients presenting with foot pain.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate a series of patients diagnosed with LTBI during screening before immunosuppressive therapy, describing how the use of diagnostic tests and treatment evolved over time. This retrospective cohort study included all individuals diagnosed with LTBI during screening before intended immunosuppressive therapy in a tertiary care hospital between January 2000 and December 2017. Evidence for LTBI, including history, tuberculin skin test (TST), QuantiFERON (QFT) result and suggestive lesions on chest radiography (CXR), and CT scan if available, was analyzed. The study included 295 individuals with LTBI...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions3-dimensional printing technique-assisted arthroscopic bone graft and fixation of scaphoid nonunion constitute an effective and accurate clinical treatment option.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology, Volume 20Author(s): Adinun Apivatgaroon, Suthee Tharakulphan, Pinkawas Kongmalai, Bancha ChernchujitAbstractBackgroundA hooked acromion on an outlet view and a keeled acromion on Rockwood tilt radiographs are associated with rotator cuff tears. The identification of the acromial morphology may be helpful for acromioplasty planning with regarding the acromial types.MethodsDescriptive Laboratory Study. Three-dimensional computed tomography scans models of 108 shoulders in 91 patients with; (1) Normal shoul...
Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
We report herein a case of mediastinal actinomycosis mimicking lung malignanc y presented with recurrent lymphocyte‐predominant pleural fluid exudate. In patients with a recurrent or unexplained exudative pleural effusion, it may be worthwhile to consider a hidden foci of actinomycosis.
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur report demonstrates one of the longest involvement of extensive contiguous CTSTB who was treated with one-stage posterior-only approach. However, as this is only a report of one case, further studies are required to investigate the safety and efficacy of such approach for treating extensive CTSTB.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Achieving fusion at the lumbosacral junction poses many technical challenges. No data exist in the literature comparing radiographic or clinical outcomes between the different surgical techniques of transsacral fixation (TSF) with rods and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in conjunction with iliac fixation. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiographic fusions of TSF to TLIF in patients with adult spinal deformity undergoing long fusions across the lumbosacral junction. METHODS: Patients with primary adult spinal deformity who underwent long f...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Tibial slope measurements are important in guiding clinical decisions in the field of orthopedic surgery. However, there are multiple techniques across different medical imaging modalities and little is known about its impact on result and validity of the measurement. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare tibial slope measurements from lateral radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans in order to better assess the clinical significance of measured tibial slope values.
Source: The Knee - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
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