ApoA-I-Directed Therapies for the Management of Atherosclerosis

Abstract Several recent reports have raised doubts about the atheroprotective role of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Nevertheless, a substantial body of work supports the validity of pharmacological interventions able to enhance HDL function, as opposed to raising HDL-C levels per se. In this article, we briefly review the development of pharmacological interventions that target apoA-I and HDL function as a means of reducing atherosclerotic risk: small molecule pharmaceuticals, small HDL mimetic peptides, and infusion of apoA-I-containing particles.
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsAdiponectin had no role in the development of gastropathy. Patients with gastropathy had a significant increase in the serum level of cholesterol and triglyceride. There is a significant negative correlation between adiponectin and weight, body mass index, waist circumference, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In Japanese men, lower non-HDL-C levels were associated with a decreased risk of large-artery occlusive infarction and an increased risk of ICH, particularly lobar ICH. PMID: 31534078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Statins showed different influences on the risks of atherothromobotic and lacunar stroke according to postrandomized LDL cholesterol levels. PMID: 31534062 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Pitavastatin showed lower diabetogenic effects than rosuvastatin in mice that may be mediated by minor attenuations in insulin signaling in adipocytes. PMID: 31527323 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Current state of knowledge makes the usage of cholesterol markers of cognitive decline in clinical practice impossible. PMID: 31530269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Aging Science - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Curr Aging Sci Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the antiatherogenic effects of the ethanol extract of U. diffracta and its mechanism.MethodA high fat diet and VD3 were used to establish the atherosclerotic rat model, with 0.004 g/kg/d of simvastatin as a positive control, fed with 0.7, 1.4, and 2.8 g/kg/d of Usnea ethanol extract for 21 days. The blood, liver, and aorta samples from each rat were collected after the last administration. Pharmacodynamic effects were evaluated. The inflammation related factors, the gene expressions of Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5), myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Jung J, Venkatachalam K Abstract Activating mutations in the RAS family of proto-oncogenes represent some of the leading causes of cancer. Unmitigated proliferation of cells harboring oncogenic RAS mutations is accompanied by a massive increase in cellular bioenergetic demands, which offers unique opportunities for therapeutic intervention. To withstand the steep requirements for metabolic intermediates, RAS-driven cancer cells enhance endolysosome and autophagosome biogenesis. By degrading cellular macromolecules into metabolites that can be used by biosynthetic pathways, endolysosomes permit continued pr...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: LWT, Volume 117Author(s): Guiyun Chen, Yue Chen, Yajie Hou, Yaoxing Huo, Ang Gao, Shuhong Li, Ye ChenAbstractIn order to develop celery seeds-based products as cholesterol lowering-agents, the celery seed protein (CSP) was extracted by alkali-soluble acid precipitation and ultrafiltration, followed by liquid state fermentation with B. subtilis production of celery seed protein hydrolysate (CSPH) under the optimized culture conditions. The properties of CSP and CSPH were characterized by determining their in vitro binding with bile acids, molecular weight distribution, organic functiona...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Asparaginase is an amino acid–depleting agent used to treat blood cancers. Metabolic complications due to asparaginase affect liver function in humans. To examine how the liver response to asparaginase changes during maturity to adulthood, here we treated juvenile (2-week), young adult (8-week), and mature adult (16-week) mice with drug or excipient for 1 week and conducted RNA-Seq and functional analyses. Asparaginase reduced body growth and liver mass in juveniles but not in the adult animals. Unbiased exploration of the effect of asparaginase on the liver transcriptome revealed that the integrated stress response ...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Editors ' Picks Source Type: research
This study provides new insight into the mechanism through which simvastatin reduces the mycobacterial load in infected PBMCs. These results demonstrate that simvastatin activates several immune mechanisms that favor the containment of M. tuberculosis infection, providing relevant evidence to consider statins as candidates for host-directed therapy. They also suggest that future studies are needed to define the roles of statin-induced anti-inflammatory mechanisms in tuberculosis treatment.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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