Brazilian Wasp's Venom Could Be A Powerful 'Weapon Against Cancer,' Study Shows

Toxic, but life-saving? It seems like an oxymoron, but scientists say the venom of Polybia paulista, a wasp native to Brazil, fits that description.  According to a study published in the Biophysical Journal this week, the wasp’s venom contains a toxin, named MP1, that selectively destroys tumor cells without harming normal ones. The BBC called the venom a potentially powerful “weapon against cancer.”  In lab tests, MP1 was found to inhibit the growth of prostate and bladder cancer cells as well as leukemia cells that had been shown to be resistant to a variety of other drugs. The toxin interacts with fatty molecules known as lipids that are found on the outside of cancer cell membranes, researchers said. It then disrupts the structure of the protective membranes, creating “gaping holes” that allow molecules critical to the survival of the cancer cell to leak out. Study co-author Dr. João Neto of Brazil’s São Paulo State University said these “large” holes take “only seconds” to form. Since healthy cells don’t have these lipids on the outside (they are located on the cell's inner membrane), it seems they are not susceptible to the wasp toxin the way cancer cells are.  “Cancer therapies that attack the lipid composition of the cell membrane would be an entirely new class of anticancer drugs,” Paul Beales, one of the study’s authors, stated in a news releas...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Conclusion: The increases in the incidence of different types of cancer in the past decade could be due to the revolutionary change in socioeconomic status that has occurred in Saudi Arabia; therefore, a national plan should be established for cancer prevention, screening and therapy. Concerning mortality, the decrease in its percentage among elderly people could be due to biological factors that should be investigated in the future. PMID: 30520511 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
In conclusion, phosphorylation by Aurora Kinase A and ubiquitination by MDM2 contribute to SETD2 non-genomic loss of function in advanced-phase CML. Loss of SETD2/H3K36me3 is associated with increased DNA damage and impaired HR repair. Restoring physiological H3K36me3 levels may help improve the outcome of this critical subset of pts.Acknowledgments: study supported by AIRC (project code 16996) and AIL (Associazione Italiana contro le Leucemia, Linfomi e Mieloma).Figure 1.DisclosuresCastagnetti: Incyte: Consultancy, Honoraria; Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria; Bristol Meyers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria; Novartis: Consulta...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 631. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Poster I Source Type: research
We report adverse events that occurred or persisted beyond 90 days after the last CAR-T cell infusion, excluding events related to disease progression.Median age at CAR-T cell infusion was 60 years (range, 34-73). There were 42 (71%) pts with NHL and 17 (29%) with CLL. The median number of prior lines of treatment was 4 (range, 1-8). 23 (39%) pts had received prior autologous (auto) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and 9 (15%) pts had received prior allogeneic (allo) HCT. 35 (59%) pts received one CAR-T cell infusion, 22 (37%) pts received 2 infusions, and 2 (3%) pts received 3 infusions. 3 (5%) pts received a max...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)-Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Immunotherapy Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides evidence that: 1) the cumulative incidence of ST is about 1% person-year of follow up in SMF patients; 2) JAK inhibitors given during ET/PV or SMF phase are neutral for ST development within the limit of current follow up; 3) developing SMF in patients with PV or ET does not imply a higher risk of ST. These findings highlight the need of studies aimed at identifying patients at higher risk of ST occurrence.DisclosuresRambaldi: Roche: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Italfarmaco: Consultancy; Omeros: Consultancy; Amgen Inc.: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy. Komrokji...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 634. Myeloproliferative Syndromes: Clinical: Poster II Source Type: research
RASopathies are a group of rare congenital diseases in which dysregulated signaling through the RAS-MAPK signaling cases is the critical pathogenetic mechanism. This definition excludes postnatally acquired conditions (e.g. RAS-MAPK driven neoplasms) and PIK3-AKT pathway related disorders as well as conditions with only ancillary RAS pathway involvement (e.g. KAT6B-, RAP1A/B-related disorders). The definition, however, includes the following categories: (1) Noonan syndrome and related disorders, specifically Noonan syndrome (NS), NS with multiple lentigines, NS-like disorder with loose anagen hair, CBL syndrome, cardiofaci...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: A MAP(K) to Pediatric RASopathies Source Type: research
Conclusions. APAVAC is a simple method for AV with high clinical impact in very bad situations. It could be used in combination with other therapy and for residual disease control. Further clinical studies are planned in solid C as well as in HM.DisclosuresRouquet: URODELIA: Employment. Frayssinet: URODELIA: Employment.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 703. Adoptive Immunotherapy Source Type: research
In this study we have investigated patients over a 37-year period to include all patients transplanted at The Hammersmith hospital since 1979 who survived a minimum of two years after transplant. We aimed to describe the post-transplant malignancies (PTM) that occurred and calculate the cumulative incidence with time.MethodsData was gathered through internal databases and supplemented with case notes with all patients giving consent for their data to be used in clinical studies. Additional information on patients who had died at the time of analysis included review of death certificates for evidence of a second malignancy....
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 723. Clinical Allogeneic and Autologous Transplantation: Late Complications and Approaches to Disease Recurrence: Poster II Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract Although air pollution is well-known to be harmful to the lung and airways, it can also damage most other organ systems of the body. It is estimated that about 500,000 lung cancer deaths and 1.6 million chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) deaths can be attributed to air pollution, but air pollution may also account for 19% of all cardiovascular deaths and 21% of all stroke deaths. Air pollution has been linked to other malignancies, such as bladder cancer and childhood leukemia. Lung development in childhood is stymied with exposure to air pollutants, and poor lung development in children predict...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
This report provides a comprehensive assessment of recent tobacco-associated cancer incidence for each cancer type by sex, age, race/ethnicity, metropolitan county classification, tumor characteristics, U.S. census region, and state. These data are important for initiation, monitoring, and evaluation of tobacco prevention and control measures. PERIOD COVERED: 2010-2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Cancer incidence data from CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries and the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program were used to calculate average annual age-adjusted incidence rate...
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
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