Outcome Reporting in Cardiac Surgery Trials: Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal Cardiovascular Surgery

Conclusions Outcome reporting in the cardiac surgery literature is heterogeneous, and efforts should be made to standardize the outcomes reported and the definitions used to ascertain them. The development of standardizing outcome reporting is an essential step toward strengthening the process of evidence-based care in cardiac surgery.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Surgery Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is strongly linked to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and both of these conditions contribute to poor cardiovascular outcomes. We evaluated the impact of renal failure on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in AF, and predictive value of the 2MACE score in this post-hoc analysis of the AMADEUS trial. The primary endpoint was MACE (composite of myocardial infarction, cardiac revascularisation and cardiovascular mortality). Secondary endpoints included the composite of stroke, major bleeding and non-cardiovascular mortality, and each of the specific outcomes separately.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsFor paracetamol versus ibuprofen, when using LSPS methods in the CPRD, it is only possible to distinguish true effects if those effects are large (hazard ratio  >  2). Due to their smaller hazard ratios, the outcomes under study cannot be differentiated from null effects (represented by negative controls) even if there were a true effect. Based on these data, we conclude that we are unable to determine whether paracetamol is associated with an increased ris k of myocardial infarction, stroke, GI bleeding, and acute renal failure compared to ibuprofen, due to residual confounding.
Source: Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings of this meta-analysis study suggested that TEVAR resulted in more short-term survival benefits. Moreover, the reduced risk of acute renal failure, respiratory failure and bleeding was detected in TEVAR group. The treatment effects of TEVAR versus OCSR on specific complications should be further verified by a study with high-level of evidence. Key message Comprehensive collected studies investigated the treatment effectiveness between TEVAR and OCSR for TBAD patients TEVAR resulted in more survival benefits, in addition to lower risk of acute renal failure, respiratory failure and bleeding The resu...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of postoperative complications in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and find predictors of postoperative complications. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 86 patients after simultaneous CABG and CEA. Inclusion criteria were: patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis with a reduction of the carotid lumen diameter of more than 70% detected with Doppler ultrasound and diagnosed with one, two, or three vessel coronary artery disease with coronary stenosis more tha...
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe conducted a comprehensive and updated overview on complications occurring after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis.Recent FindingsDespite remarkable improvements in patient selection, devices, procedures, and ancillary management, complications may still occur in patients undergoing TAVI. On top of most commonly described adverse events such as death, myocardial infarction, stroke, bleeding, vascular complication, renal failure, pacemaker implantation and residual valve regurgitation, other less common but similarly severe complications may still occur. The...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this study, we could not detect an advantage in survival when SAVR or TAVR were utilized in intermediate to high surgical risk patients needing aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis. PMID: 31596707 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research
Conclusions: Anemia on admission was associated with higher mortality and an increased risk of poor outcome in patients with ICH. However, the results were limited by the high heterogeneity of included studies. Prospective, multi-center or population-based, large sample cohort studies are needed in the future. Introduction Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common cause of stroke and a highly lethal disease (1), which still lacks effective therapeutic interventions (2, 3). Although age, baseline ICH volume and neurological status on admission are well-known predictors of outcome of ICH (4), none of t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur early outcomes suggest that the CSS approach may reduce the incidence of right ventricular failure, bleeding, intubation time, and intensive care unit length of stay. Further studies are needed to fully elucidate the advantages of CSS LVAD implantation compared with median sternotomy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: MVI-S was associated with a lower incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events within 30 days after discharge. PMID: 30781429 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to assess feasibility and safety of contrast-free, 3D-echo-based LAAo with the use of the AMPLATZER™ Amulet™ device. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 20 patients (74 ± 10 years, 65% males) at an increased thromboembolic and bleeding risk (CHA2DS2VASC 4.0 ± 1.3; HAS-BLED 3.5 ± 0.9) with chronic renal failure (GFR 41 ± 21 ml/min) undergoing LAAo without the use of contrast dye at our center and compared the results with a propensity-matched cohort (1:1 matching) of conventionally treated patients ...
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Clin Res Cardiol Source Type: research
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