Syria: UN agency reaches areas near Yarmouk camp as typhoid outbreak hits Palestinian refugees

The United Nations relief agency responsible for the welfare of Palestine refugees across the Middle East announced today it has conducted its first humanitarian mission to Yalda, near the besieged Yarmouk camp in Syria, where six cases of typhoid have been confirmed.
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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Conclusion: The falling number of salmonellosis cases in 2000⁻2017 in WaM reflects the general trend in Poland and Europe. The decrease of NTS infections in WaM is related to the accession of Poland into the EU. PMID: 30897848 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2019Source: PlasmidAuthor(s): Robert A. Moran, Isabella A. Richardson, Ruth M. HallAbstractTwo B/O plasmids were sequenced. The kanamycin resistance plasmid R805a was found in a Salmonella Typhi strain from a 1972 typhoid fever outbreak in Mexico City. pCERC6, which confers resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin and sulphamethoxazole, was found in a commensal E. coli isolated from a healthy adult in Sydney in 2008. Both plasmids contain the same gene for RNAI, the incompatibility determinant, as the reference B/O plasmid pMU707 and the recently reported plasmid p838B-R, which ...
Source: Plasmid - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
[The Herald] Despite a recommendation by the World Health Organisation (WHO) that typhoid vaccines be considered for the control of endemic disease and outbreaks, uptake has remained limited in certain pockets of society including the Apostolic Sect.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Recent cases of highly drug-resistant typhoid fever in returning travelers underscore the need for physicians to be aware of current global outbreaks, as well as their appropriate treatment.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news
Purpose: Background: Typhoid fever (TF) caused by Salmonella Typhi remains a major public health problem in Kenya. A systematic surveillance in two slum areas in Nairobi, revealed a crude incidence of TF of 247 cases per 100,000 person-years of observation (pyo), with highest rates in children 5 –9 years old (596 per 100,000pyo). Currently over a third of S. Typhi isolates are multidrug-resistant (MDR), and show reduced susceptibility to Fluoroquinolones; the drugs of choice for treatment of MDR cases.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 20.017 Source Type: research
PMID: 30653487 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
We report on a three year-old male who contracted enteric fever during a visit to the Sindh province of Pakistan in the summer of 2018. He was diagnosed after returning to Canada and blood cultures isolated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi which harbored extensive drug-resistance (XDR) to all first-line antibiotics including ceftriaxone. Empiric ceftriaxone was switched to meropenem and he was successfully treated with a two-week course. An outbreak of XDR typhoid is currently emerging from Pakistan and several outbreak-related cases have been identified in the U.K and U.S. Whole genome sequencing confirmed that our child...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract In February 2018, a typhoid fever outbreak caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (Typhi), resistant to chloramphenicol, ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, fluoroquinolones, and third-generation cephalosporins, was reported in Pakistan. During November 2016-September 2017, 339 cases of this extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Typhi strain were reported in Pakistan, mostly in Karachi and Hyderabad; one travel-associated case was also reported from the United Kingdom (1). More cases have been detected in Karachi and Hyderabad as surveillance efforts have been strengthened, with recent reports inc...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Pakistan Health Authorities have reported an ongoing outbreak of extensively drug resistant (XDR) typhoid fever that began in the Hyderabad district of Sindh province in November 2016. An increasing trend of typhoid fever cases caused by antimicrobial resistant (AMR) strains ofSalmonella enterica serovar Typhi (orS. Typhi) poses a notable public health concern. In May 2018, the case definitions for non-resistant, multi-drug resistant (MDR) and XDR typhoid fever were formally agreed by the Regional Disease Surveillance and Response Unit (RDSRU) in Karachi, following a review by an expert group of epidemiologists, clinicians...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Conclusions: Similar results were obtained when applying the results of previous studies to specific diseases, and it is considered that many other diseases should be studied at the national and sub-national levels. PMID: 30443418 [PubMed]
Source: Healthcare Informatics Research - Category: Information Technology Tags: Healthc Inform Res Source Type: research
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