Big Pharma firm, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center partner to speed up drug development process

Merck (NYSE: MRK) and the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center are teaming up in a partnership aimed at accelerating the time it takes to discover and develop new cancer therapies. The New Jersey-based pharmaceutical giant and Houston-based cancer hospital will work together to evaluate Merck’s cancer treatment Keytruda in combination with other treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy and novel antitumor medicines. Under the terms of the three-year collaboration, studies…
Source: Health Care:Hospitals headlines - Category: Hospital Management Authors: Source Type: news

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For years, cancer treatment was dominated by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and stem cell transplantation. New insights into genetic characteristics of leukemic cells have initiated the development of the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. This type of adoptive cell immunotherapy has been a breakthrough in the treatment of aggressive B-cell lymphoma and B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In August 2018, the European Commission has approved the first CAR T-cell products – tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah®, Novartis) and axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta®, Gilead) – for hematological n...
Source: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
The physical and psychological side effects of breast cancer therapies can have substantial impact on survivors' physical and social functioning. Roughly half of the more than 3 million Americans alive with a history of breast cancer report adverse, function-degrading sequelae related to their oncologic treatments. Care delivery models for the timely delivery of rehabilitation services have been proposed yet limitedly vetted or implemented. These include the prospective surveillance model, procedure-linked referrals, survivorship care plans, and risk stratification. Patients' capacity to engage in the rehabilitative proces...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research
We report the development of a biocompatible and bioactive material with desirable magnetic properties that show excellent hyperthermia properties and can be used for destruction of the cancerous tissue in addition to supporting tissue regeneration for treatment of bone tumors. In the current study, iron (Fe3+)-containing HT nanostructured material was prepared, and its biocompatibility, bioactivity, and hyperthermia abilities were studied. The developed materials showed effective hyperthermic properties with increased biocompatibility as compared to magnetite.Graphical abstract
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Childhood cancer survivors present with unique challenges for dental management because of dental anomalies caused by cancer therapy. Interprofessional collaborative care between the pediatric dentist and the oncologist during and after cancer therapy will enable best outcomes for the pediatric patient. In addition, dental professionals must be prepared to meet the unique needs of long-term cancer survivors because of the increasing survival rates of childhood cancers. PMID: 30559620 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
This study evaluates contemporary rates of VTE in real world settings using this risk score.Methods: The Optum©'s Clinformatics® Data Mart database (01/01/2012 - 09/30/2017) was used to select adult patients with ≥1 hospitalizations or 2 outpatient medical claims with a cancer diagnosis (index date) who were initiated on cancer therapy (e.g., chemotherapy or radiation therapy) within 45 days of the index date. To be included in this study, patients were also required to meet the following criteria: (1) continuous eligibility for ≥6 months before the index date (baseline period), (2) no VTE event during the b...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 331. Pathophysiology of Thrombosis: Poster III Source Type: research
Endogenous thymic regeneration is a crucial function that allows for renewal of immune competence following immunodepletion caused by common cancer therapies such as cytoreductive chemotherapy or radiation; however, the mechanisms governing this regeneration remain poorly understood. Despite this capacity, prolonged T cell deficiency is a major clinical hurdle in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and can precipitate high morbidity and mortality from opportunistic infections, and may even facilitate malignant relapse. Our recent studies have revealed that innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and endotheli...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 701. Experimental Transplantation: Basic Biology, Pre-Clinical Models: Signaling Pathways and Cells Protecting Against GVHD Source Type: research
Abstract Over the past decades, effective cancer therapies have resulted in a significant improvement in the survival rates for a number of cancers and an increase in the number of cancer survivors. Radiation therapy is widely used in the treatment of cancer, and it can induce various cardiotoxicities that differ considerably from chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity. They occur primarily as late radiation-induced complications, several years from the end of anticancer treatment and present as coronary artery disease, heart failure, pericardial disease, valvular heart disease and arrhythmias. Patients who recovered...
Source: Cardiology Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol J Source Type: research
ConclusionSolely regarding sensitivity of AUS, our study could show significant differences between biological subtypes of breast cancer with lower sensitivity in Luminal patients. While PPV was excellent, standing for a low overtreatment rate using AUS for clinical decision making, sensitivity was poor overall, comparable to the results of other studies.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the implementation of IMRT, survivors of NPC still experience many physical symptoms that affect long-term QoL many years after treatment. Depression, anxiety, and fatigue remain common in long-term survivors and are highly correlated with QoL. PMID: 30191868 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Source Type: research
Conclusions: Use of cam, particularly biologic products, increased significantly after a cancer diagnosis. Further studies are required to examine the effect of cam use on the efficacy and safety of cancer therapies. PMID: 30111972 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
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