New aspects from legislation, guidelines and safety standards for MRI.

[New aspects from legislation, guidelines and safety standards for MRI]. Radiologe. 2015 Jul 30; Authors: Mühlenweg M, Schaefers G, Trattnig S Abstract Many aspects of magnetic resonance (MR) operation are not directly regulated by law but in standards, guidelines and the operating instructions of the MR scanner. The mandatory contents of the operating instructions are regulated in a central standard of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 60601-2-33. In this standard, the application of static magnetic fields in MRI up to 8 Tesla (T) in the clinical routine (first level controlled mode) has recently been approved. Furthermore, the equally necessary CE certification of ultra-high field scanners (7-8 T) in Europe is expected for future devices. The existing installations will not be automatically certified but will retain their experimental status. The current extension of IEC 60601-2-33 introduces a new add-on option, the so-called fixed parameter option (FPO). This option might also be switched on in addition to the established operating modes and defines a fixed device constellation and certain parameters of the energy output of MR scanners designed to simplify the testing of patients with implants in the future.The employment of pregnant workers in an MRI environment is still not generally regulated in Europe. In parts of Germany and Austria pregnant and lactating employees were prohibited from working in the MR control z...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionMidwife ‐led models of care have been the subject of debate for many years. We conducted a study to compare intrapartum and neonatal mortality rates in midwife‐led (primary) versus obstetrician‐led (secondary) care at the onset of labor in low‐risk term women.Material and methodsWe performed an unmatched and a propensity score matched cohort study using data from the national perinatal audit registry (PAN) and from the national perinatal registry (PERINED) of the Netherlands. We included women with singleton pregnancies (without congenital anomalies or antepartum fetal death) who gave birth at t...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Danish Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dan Med J Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research
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