Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Caspofungin (Cancidas ®) and Drug Tolerance of Fungi to Patients With an Invasive Fungal Infection in the Intensive Care Unit

Condition:   Invasive Fungal InfectionIntervention:   Drug: CaspofunginSponsor:   Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen UniversityEnrolling by invitation - verified July 2015
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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We report an immunocompromised patient with talaromycosis mimicking histoplamosis. A 26-year-old HIV-positive man had suffered from rashes over the face, trunk, and extremities for three months. His physical examination showed centrally necrotic, ulcerated papules and nodules. A biopsied papule revealed granulomas containing numerous oval, yeast-like cells, some displaying central septation. Saboraud agar culture grew mold with diffuse red pigment consistent with T. marneffei. Careful histopathological examination and microbiological culture are important for the accurate diagnosis of fungal infections.
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this review, we include a study of the new anti-IL-17 biological agents (secukinumab, ixekizumab, and bromalizumab ) used for moderate-to-severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis treatment in clinical practice, as well as pivotal trials with bimekizumab. We study the relationship of these biological agents and the appearance of candidiasis in its various clinical forms. PMID: 33026212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Surgical Infections, Ahead of Print.
Source: Surgical Infections - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Protein acetylation is a universal post-translational modification that fine-tunes the major cellular processes of many life forms. Although the mechanisms regulating protein acetylation have not been fully elucidated, this modification is finely tuned by both enzymatic and non-enzymatic mechanisms. Protein deacetylation is the reverse process of acetylation and is mediated by deacetylases. Together, protein acetylation and deacetylation constitute a reversible regulatory protein acetylation network. The recent application of mass spectrometry-based proteomics has led to accumulating evidence indicating that reversible pro...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
A gradual rise in immunocompromised patients over past years has led to the increasing incidence of invasive fungal infections. Development of effective fungicides can not only provide new means for clinical treatment, but also reduce the occurrence of fungal resistance. We identified a new antifungal agent (4-phenyl-1, 3-thiazol-2-yl), hydrazine (numbered as 31C) which showed high-efficiency, broad-spectrum and specific activities. The minimum inhibitory concentration of 31C against pathogenic fungi was between 0.0625-4 μg/ml in vitro, while 31C had no obvious cytotoxicity to human umbilical vein endothelial cells with...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Invasive fungal infections caused by Aspergillus (A.) and Mucorales species still represent life-threatening diseases in immunocompromised individuals, and deeper knowledge about fungal interactions with elements of innate immunity, such as complement and platelets, appears essential for optimized therapy. Previous studies showed that galactosaminogalactan secreted by A. fumigatus and A. flavus is deposited on platelets, thereby inducing their activation. Since the altered platelet surface is a putative trigger for complement activation, we aimed to study the interplay of platelets with complement in the presence of fungal...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractIn recent years, the frequency of infections due to saprophytic fungi has increased.Cryptococcus laurentii, recently classified asPapiliotrema laurentii, is responsible for fungemia, meningitis, and superficial infections. Here, we report the first case of cutaneousPapiliotrema (Cryptococcus)laurentii infection in a 23-year-old Caucasian woman affected by an autoimmune thyroiditis with hypothyroidism. Impairments of the immune system are often associated with unusual fungal infections, which cannot be neglected. The isolate strain was susceptible to Amphotericin B while resistant to fluconazole, itraconazole, voric...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are a leading cause of mortality in low- and middle-income countries. We studied the spectrum, aetiology and outcome of CNS infections in 401 consecutive patients aged ≥12 years admitted at the medical emergency centre of PGIMER, Chandigarh, India. An aetiological diagnosis was made in 365 (91.0%) patients, with 149 (40.8%) microbiologically confirmed cases. CNS tuberculosis was the most prevalent cause (51.5%), followed by viral meningoencephalitis (13.9%), community-acquired bacterial meningitis (9.7%), cryptococcal meningitis (6.2%), scrub typhus mening...
Source: Tropical Doctor - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research
The objective of this investigation was development and characterization of KZ-containing solid lipid nanoparticles (KZ-SLNs) and SLN-containing hydrogel (KZ-SLN-H) for oral and topical delivery of KZ. KZ-SLNs were prepared using homogenization-sonication method. Optimal KZ-SLN formulation was selected based on physicochemical and in-vitro release studies. Optimized KZ-SLN converted to KZ-SLN hydrogel (KZ-SLN-H) using gelling polymers and optimized with rheological and in-vitro studies. Further, optimized KZ-SLN and KZ-SLN-H formulations evaluated for crystallinity, morphology, stability, ex-vivo and in-vivo pharmacokineti...
Source: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids - Category: Lipidology Authors: Tags: Chem Phys Lipids Source Type: research
AbstractInvasive fungal infections incidence in patients with hematological malignancies is increasing. Air treatment remains an essential preventive measure. Guidelines state that high-risk patients should be housed in units equipped with High-Efficiency Particulate Air filtration. Mobile air-treatment devices may be considered as alternatives or as a complement to the ventilation system. We assessed the decontamination performances of a new mobile air-treatment device in a conventional hematology room. This device connected or not to a plenum combining Ultra-Low Particulate Air filtration and non-thermal catalysis proces...
Source: Health and Technology - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
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