Ten Celebrities Who Suffer(ed) From Tinnitus

"I wonder how you're feeling There's ringing in my ears And no one to relate to 'cept the sea..." -- Peter Frampton There are few afflictions as constant and annoying as tinnitus, which Wikipedia defines as: "The hearing of sound when no external sound is present. While often described as a ringing, it may also sound like a clicking, hiss or roaring. Most of the time, it comes on gradually. In some people, the sound causes depression, anxiety or interferes with concentration." It is a surprisingly common condition with chronic tinnitus affecting 5 to 10 percent of the U.S. adult population, with about 0.5 percent having severe, debilitating tinnitus. Below is a list of ten famous people through history who suffered from tinnitus, with a common denominator seeming to exist and among performers, particularly actors and musicians. 1. Ronald Reagan The two-term President of the United States began his career as an actor, largely in B-movies and westerns, and it was during one of the latter that a blank pistol was fired too close to his ear, afflicting him with tinnitus for the rest of his life. 2. Steve Martin Another victim of show biz-related hearing loss, Martin has suffered from tinnitus since filming a gunfight on set of his comedy Three Amigos, in 1986. "You just get used to it," Martin said. 3. Pete Townsend In one of rock music's most infamous, and ill-conceived pranks, Keith Moon was already in the habit of placing an explosive charge in ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This study used an operant conditioning animal model to examine the interaction between tinnitus and auditory vigilant attention as well as auditory selective attention. Tinnitus was induced in 90-day-old rats by a unilateral exposure to band-limited noise (120 dB, SPL). Tinnitus testing began 90 days following exposure; afterward animals were divided into 3 groups: Unexposed controls without tinnitus, Exposed without tinnitus, and Exposed with tinnitus. Tinnitus was evident in the vicinity of 20 kHz. Vigilant attention was quantified by the behavioral (operant) response to unpredictable sound transitions signaling changes...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In conclusion, hindlimb rhythmic and alternated pedaling of different durations affects distinct dorsal and ventral spinal networks by modulating excitatory and inhibitory input to motoneurons. These results suggest defining new parameters for effective neurorehabilitation that better exploits spinal circuit activity.
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There are significant knowledge gaps on effective self-management interventions for pain and depression post-SCI. There is a need to develop interventions that are multi-faceted, which include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies to address multimorbidity. PMID: 30335601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Thanks to a growing global network of GPP practitioners and a burgeoning GPP Community of Practice, there has been substantive progress in making GPP an integral component of clinical HIV prevention research. The Wits RHI experience highlights the possibilities and the challenges to translating the GPP principles into concrete practices within specific clinical trials and across a research institute. Realizing the full potential of GPP, including direct and indirect - 'collateral benefits' will require the collective buy-in and support from sponsors, implementers and community stakeholders across the research ...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: HIV prevention is situated at the intersection of unprecedented opportunity and crisis. Person-centred approaches to HIV prevention and research shift power dynamics, and have the potential to ensure a more sustainable response with each individual actively participating in their own care and meaningfully contributing to the production of knowledge on HIV prevention. This approach taps into the resourcefulness, resilience and knowledge of the person and their communities, to strengthen research and programmes, making them more relevant, appropriate and effective. PMID: 30334609 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
It is not just about "the trial": the critical role of effective engagement and participatory practices for moving the HIV research field forward. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Oct;21 Suppl 7:e25179 Authors: MacQueen KM, Auerbach JD PMID: 30334608 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: As evidence-informed engagement strategies emerge, these should inform the ethics submission and review process. Both parties in the review process should strive to avoid a superficial, check-list type approach that caricatures what should be a thorough, nuanced ethics review of a rich, responsive engagement process. PMID: 30334604 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Brief, targeted surveys of trial sites to characterize use of broad strategies, specific practices and some outcomes are a feasible option for evaluating good participatory practice. Additional testing is warranted to assess and enhance validity, reliability and predictive value of indicators. Options for collecting outcome measures through additional objective means should be explored. PMID: 30334601 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Authors: Wheeler DP, Lucas J, Wilton L, Nelson LE, Hucks-Ortiz C, Watson CC, Hutchinson C, Mayer KH, Kuo I, Magnus M, Beauchamp G, Shoptaw S, Emel LM, Chen YQ, Hightow-Weidman L, Fields SD PMID: 30334600 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We advocate for the integration of qualitative with clinical and survey research methods in pragmatic clinical and community-level trials and implementation studies, and for increasing visibility of qualitative and mixed methods research in medical journals. Qualitative research from trials ideally should be published along with clinical outcome data, either integrated into the "main" trial papers or published concurrently in the same journal issue. Integration of qualitative research within trials can help not only to understand the why behind success or failure of interventions in different context...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
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