The centrally projecting edinger-westphal nucleus - i: efferents in the rat brain

Publication date: Available online 21 July 2015 Source:Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Author(s): Edmilson D. Dos Santos Júnior, André V. Da Silva, Kelly R.T. Da Silva, Carlos A.S. Haemmerle, Daniella S. Batagello, Joelcimar M. Da Silva, Leandro B. Lima, Renata J. Da Silva, Giovanne B. Diniz, Luciane V. Sita, Carol F. Elias, Jackson C. Bittencourt The oculomotor accessory nucleus, often referred to as the Edinger-Westphal nucleus [EW], was first identified in the 17th century. Although its most well known function is the control of pupil diameter, some controversy has arisen regarding the exact location of these preganglionic neurons. Currently, the EW is thought to consist of two different parts. The first part [termed the preganglionic EW - EWpg], which controls lens accommodation, choroidal blood flow and pupillary constriction, primarily consists of cholinergic cells that project to the ciliary ganglion. The second part [termed the centrally projecting EW - EWcp], which is involved in non-ocular functions such as feeding behavior, stress responses, addiction and pain, consists of peptidergic neurons that project to the brainstem, the spinal cord and prosencephalic regions. However, in the literature, we found few reports related to either ascending or descending projections from the EWcp that are compatible with its currently described functions. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to systematically investigate the ascending and ...
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Related Links:

In conclusion, improvement in clinical results of the treatment of myeloma-induced vertebral fractures with vertebroplasty proved to be significant. PMID: 31969766 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
LUMBAR SPINE SYNOVIAL CYST: A CASE SERIES REPORT AND REVIEW OF SURGICAL STRATEGIES. Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Sep;58(3):491-496 Authors: Splavski B, Rotim A, Brumini I, Koprek I, Gajski D, Božić B, Rotim K Abstract Lumbar spine synovial cysts are benign growths adjoining the facet joints that may induce low back pain, lumbar radiculopathy and neurological deficit. However, they are not well defined concerning their origin, cause and pathology, as well as available treatment strategies. The scope of different surgical procedures includes image-guided epidural steroid injection, direct cyst puncture by per...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE CHANGES AFTER UNEVENTFUL PHACOEMULSIFICATION IN EARLY POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD IN HEALTHY EYES. Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Sep;58(3):467-472 Authors: Todorović M, Šarenac Vulović T, Petrović N, Todorović D, Srećković S Abstract The aim was to determine early changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) following uneventful phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in healthy eyes. This prospective interventional case series study was conducted at Ophthalmology Department, Kragujevac Clinical Centre, Kragujevac, Serbia. The study included 123 eyes of 123 cataract pati...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Authors: Eftekharsadat B, Aghamohammadi D, Dolatkhah N, Hashemian M, Salami H Abstract Background: We aimed to determine dietary intake and serum concentration of α-tocopherol and lycopene in subjects with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in relation to pain intensity and functional status and comparing them with healthy controls. Methods: This case-control study was conducted among 35 patients with primary KOA and 35 matched healthy subjects selected using convenience sampling method. Dietary intakes of alpha-tocopherol and lycopene were estimated from 24-hour dietary records. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Weste...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Physics of Life ReviewsAuthor(s): Jordan E. Theriault, Liane Young, Lisa Feldman BarrettAbstractWhat is social pressure, and how could it be adaptive to conform to others' expectations? Existing accounts highlight the importance of reputation and social sanctions. Yet, conformist behavior is multiply determined: sometimes, a person desires social regard, but at other times she feels obligated to behave a certain way, regardless of any reputational benefit—i.e. she feels a sense of should. We develop a formal model of this sense of should, beginning from a mini...
Source: Physics of Life Reviews - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Keita Sasaki, Sebok Kumar Halder, Hayato Matsunaga, Hiroshi UedaAbstractProthymosin alpha (ProTα)-mimetic hexapeptide (amino acid: NEVDQE, P6Q) inhibits cerebral or retinal ischemia-induced behavioral, electrophysiological and histological damage. P6Q also abolishes cerebral hemorrhage induced by ischemia with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). In the present study we examined the beneficial effects of P6Q on other post-stroke prognostic psychology-related symptoms, which obstruct the motivation toward physical therapy. Intravenous (i.v.) a...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Scintigraphy with Tc-99 DRBC is a reliable technique to diagnose splenosis and should be performed before using more invasive procedures are carried out. Splenosis should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis for a hepatic nodule in any patient with a history of abdominal trauma, previous splenectomy or atypical radiological features on imaging. PMID: 31966909 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Current evidence shows a benefit from physiotherapy in patients with shoulder dysfunction following neck dissection. Some evidence suggests progressive resistance is superior to other types of physiotherapy. Long-term benefit and cost efficacy have not been studied. PMID: 31964434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
Authors: Caccianiga G, Perillo L, Portelli M, Baldoni M, Galletti C, Gay-Escoda C Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess if photobiostimulation (PBS) alleviates pain intensity/duration and swelling after implant surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty subjects (27 male and 33 female, with a mean age of 47,13 8.05 years) were included and randomly assigned to experimental group (implant surgery and photobiostimulation), placebo group (implant surgery and simulated photobiostimulation) and control group (implant surgery only). INCLUSION CRITERIA: subjects older than 20 years, with a healthy oral mucosa and requiring imp...
Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Populations with reduced sensory and motor function, such as spinal cord injury (SCI) are at increased risk of depression, anxiety, pain, and poorer quality of life (QoL). Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) have been developed with the aim ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
More News: Addiction | Back Pain | Brain | Chemistry | Cholera | Ganglions | Hormones | Neurology | Neuroscience | Pain | Study