Prognostic value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with 'non-valvular atrial fibrillation' and valvular heart disease: the Loire Valley Atrial Fibrillation Project

Aims The CHA2DS2VASc score is a clinical risk stratification tool which estimates the risk of stroke and thromboembolism in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to establish the value of this score for risk evaluation in patients with non-valvular AF and valvular heart disease. Methods and results Among 8053 patients with non-valvular AF (ESC guidelines definition), patients were categorized into Group 1 (no valve disease, n = 6851; 85%) and Group 2 (valve disease with neither rheumatic mitral stenosis nor valve prothesis, n = 1202; 15%). After follow-up of 868 ± 1043 days, 627 stroke/ thromboembolic (TE) events were recorded. Group 2 was significantly older, had a higher CHA2DS2VASc score and had a higher risk of thromboembolic events [hazard ratio (HR) 1.39; 95% CI 1.14–1.69, P = 0.001] compared with Group 1. Severe valve disease was not associated with worse prognosis for stroke/TE events. In the two groups, stroke/TE risk increased with a higher CHA2DS2VASc score. Factors independently associated with increased risk of stroke/TE events were older age (HR 1.25, 95% CI 1.14–1.36 per 10-year increase, P
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: CLINICAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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Ischemic heart disease and stroke are major causes of death and morbidity worldwide. Coronary and cerebrovascular events are a consequence of thrombus formation caused by atherosclerotic plaque rupture or embolism, both of which result from platelet activation and aggregation and thrombin-mediated fibrin generation via the coagulation cascade [1]. In addition, thrombin is also one of the most effective platelet activators [2]. We focused on a novel thrombus formation mechanism called thrombin-mediated platelet stimulation and established thrombin-induced platelet aggregation [3].
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editors-in-Chief Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent publications suggest that left atrial (LA) myopathy is a potential source of thromboembolism, independent of atrial fibrillation. AIMS: We sought to investigate whether the presence of atrial premature activity after an ischaemic stroke is associated with LA remodelling and dysfunction, and might be a surrogate marker of LA myopathy. METHODS: After an ischaemic stroke or a transient ischaemic attack, patients without known atrial fibrillation or overt heart disease were included prospectively in the study. All patients had a standard workup, including ambulatory Holter electro...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We found that even moderate serum levels of NT-proBNP were associated with the risk of total and ischemic strokes among Japanese whose NT-proBNP levels were relatively low compared with Westerners. PMID: 31932552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Abstract Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a cardinal sign of cardiovascular (CV) autonomic dysfunction as a result of autonomic nervous system failure to control the postural hemodynamic homeostasis. The proportion of individuals with OH increases with aging and chronic conditions, such as neurodegenerative diseases, hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, renal dysfunction, autoimmune diseases and cancer. In those over 70 years, more than 20% can be affected. It is now increasingly recognized that a direct relationship exists between OH and each step of the CV disease continuum, eventually leading to end-stage hear...
Source: Polish Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
We report a case of atrial fibrillation with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) who had intracardiac thrombus and cardiogenic cerebral embolism with rivaroxaban therapy. Intracardiac thrombus disappeared after switching from rivaroxaban to warfarin. Patients of RHD have the possibility of gradual progression of valvular disease even if they are old, so we need to distinguish nonvalvular atrial fibrillation from RHD before starting direct oral anticoagulants.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In ischemic stroke or TIA patients with platelet count within normal range, platelet count may be a qualified predictor for long-term recurrent stroke, mortality, and poor functional outcome. Introduction Platelets exert a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications of cardio-cerebrovascular disease, contributing to thrombus formation, and embolism (1, 2). Previous literature reported that platelets of various size and density are produced by megakaryocytes of different size and stages of maturation in different clinical conditions, suggesting various platelet patterns in differen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The evidence base for anticoagulation over a time frame of several years is inadequate at present, and direct comparative data for the different types of NOAC are not yet available. PMID: 30602410 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Abstract Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) include dabigatran, which inhibits thrombin, and apixaban, betrixaban, edoxaban and rivaroxaban, which inhibit factor Xa. In large clinical trials comparing the NOACs with the vitamin K antagonist (VKA) warfarin, dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban and edoxaban were at least as effective for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation and for treatment of venous thromboembolism, but were associated with less intracranial bleeding. In addition, the NOACs are more convenient to administer than VKAs because they can be given in fixed doses without routine coagu...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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