AIDS Panic in the Twenty-First Century: The Tenuous Legal Status of HIV-Positive Persons in America

Abstract Thirty-four states criminalize HIV in some way, whether by mandating disclosure of one’s HIV status to all sexual partners or by deeming the saliva of HIV-positive persons a “deadly weapon.” In this paper, we argue that HIV-specific criminal laws are rooted in historical prejudice against HIV-positive persons as a class. While purporting to promote public health goals, these laws instead legally sanction discrimination against a class of persons.
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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Authors: Montenegro-Idrogo JJ, Vargas-Gonzales R, Sihuincha M Abstract The clinical signs of malaria in HIV patients may vary depending on the immunological status of the patient. Nationally, evidence regarding co-infection is scarce. This research describes four cases from a hospital in Iquitos, Peru, of patients diagnosed with HIV infection and a positive blood test for malaria. Two of these patients had Plasmodium falciparum infection, and two had Plasmodium vivax infection. One of the patients was in the AIDS stage with poor adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), and the other three were in the...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Conclusions There was variable uptake of the PtDAs between the cases. Men who received the PtDA had positive outcomes. Several strategies were identified to increase or sustain PtDA use. Implications for Practice Nurses have a key role in supporting men making decisions about prostate cancer treatment by providing PtDAs, answering questions, and advocating for men's preferences.
Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): Paul Gabarre, Pierre-Yves Boelle, Naike Bigé, Muriel Fartoukh, Christophe Guitton, Guillaume Dumas, Jean-Rémi Lavillegrand, Geoffroy Hariri, Jean-Luc Baudel, Daniel Zafimahazo, Hafid Ait-Oufella, Eric MauryAbstractPurposeICU patient's care may require the use of onerous devices, which contributes to make this department one of the most expensive in the hospital. It seemed us relevant to assess healthcare workers' (HCWs) knowledge of the cost of the devices daily used in ICU.Materials and methodsAn anonymous questionna...
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
[Malawi News Agency] Salima -As government and its partners commit resources to support people infected with HIV and AIDS, communities need to avoid engaging in risky behaviours which can make them contract the virus, says Chief Director of Health Services in the Ministry of Health,Dr Charles Mwansambo.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Data suggest that tumor tissue expression of hnRNP M and/or of HSP 90α deserve further investigation and clinical validation as potential novel risk stratification aids in patients with stage I-II cutaneous head and neck malignant melanoma. PMID: 31803364 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
[Daily News] TREATMENT to HIV patients has recorded a tremendous milestone, with the new Anti-Retroviral (ARV) drug proving to be able to suppress viral load within six months, with fewer or no side effects at all.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
[WHO] Growing resistance to HIV drugs in Africa is threatening the significant progress made in the global fight against the virus. In an effort to reinforce the gains and end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners today are unveiling a five-year plan to monitor, prevent and respond to drug resistance.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Authors: Levy JJ, Salas LA, Christensen BC, Sriharan A, Vaickus LJ Abstract The diagnosis of disease often requires analysis of a biopsy. Many diagnoses depend not only on the presence of certain features but on their location within the tissue. Recently, a number of deep learning diagnostic aids have been developed to classify digitized biopsy slides. Clinical workflows often involve processing of more than 500 slides per day. But, clinical use of deep learning diagnostic aids would require a preprocessing workflow that is cost-effective, flexible, scalable, rapid, interpretable, and transparent. Here, we present ...
Source: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing - Category: Bioinformatics Tags: Pac Symp Biocomput Source Type: research
The Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity (IMAGE) programme has been scaled up to three provinces in South Africa. This paper explores associations between women's engagement in the intervention, intimate partner violence (IPV) and fact...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: The use of adaptive equipment (AE) is the basic indication for patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Inappropriate decisions concerning the use of AE imply treatment results, patient confidence, and patient and state costs. The present study ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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