Radiological diagnostics of pediatric lungs.

[Radiological diagnostics of pediatric lungs]. Radiologe. 2015 Jul 9; Authors: Beer M, Ammann B Abstract Pediatric lung diseases are a common clinical problem. Besides the clinical examination and laboratory tests, imaging studies are the mainstay in the diagnostics of pediatric lung diseases. Thorough consideration of radiation protection based on optimized equipment also includes the protection of relatives and medical staff. The high impact of radiation protection in children necessitates a different choice of imaging modalities compared to adults. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as adjunct or complementary imaging methods are of greater value than computed tomography (CT). The suspicion of pneumonia is the most common reason for chest imaging examinations in children. An anteroposterior or posteroanterior view chest X-ray is sufficient in most cases and sometimes in combination with ultrasound. The latter can also be used alone for follow-up examinations if the clinical presentation does not change. Additionally, ultrasound is applied to examine unclear structures seen on chest X-rays, such as the thymus or pulmonary sequestration in adjunct with color-coded duplex sonography. A chest X-ray is also the method of choice to examine the various forms of respiratory distress syndrome, such as wet lung disease or surfactant deficiency syndrome in newborns. Fluoroscopy is used in older children with suspected ingestion and/or aspiration of ...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Joint Bone SpineAuthor(s): Chang-Fu Kuo, Patricia B. Burns, Jung-Sheng Chen, Lu Wang, Kevin C. ChungAbstractObjective: The purpose of the study is to investigate the risk of preventable hospitalization among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods: We identified 11,852 incident RA patients and 59,260 age-, sex-, and index year-matched controls from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. Index date was the RA diagnosis date for cases, which was assigned to their matched controls. The odds ratios (OR) of preventable hospitalizations between RA patients...
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsA high prevalence of antibiotic use was observed in the 18 Brazilian hospitals. The antibiotics were prescribed mainly empirically. Intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics were the most frequent antimicrobials used, showing that reinforcement of de-escalation strategy is needed. The Global-PPS data can be very useful for monitoring stewardship programmes and intervention.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the positivity of any troponin assay is associated with high mortality post-TBI, the use of HsTnT relatively outperforms the conventional troponin assay for early risk stratification and detection of stress-induced myocyte injury in patients with TBI. Further studies are needed to support our findings. PMID: 31789007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Authors: Bagai S, Prakash A, Agrawal A Abstract Aim: To determine the proportion of patients who have Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), identify severity of AKI using RIFLE criteria and to identify associated factors with AKI. Methods: One thousand consecutive medical in-patients were screened for AKI and severity assessed using RIFLE criteria in tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Patients with medical renal disease and obstructive uropathy were excluded. Serum creatinine of all patients were done on days 0, 3, 7 and 14. CKD cases were also excluded. AKI patients were followed at 4 weeks and 3 months. Resul...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 November 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Imdad Ali, Muhammad Imran, Salim Saifullah, Han-Wen Tian, Dong-Sheng Guo, Muhammad Raza ShahAbstractAmphiphilic calixarenes are preferred to generate nano-cargos for drugs due to their stability, possibilities for modification and intrinsic host cavities. Here we are reporting the synthesis of amphiphilic calixarene and its evaluation as drug delivery system. Water soluble amphiphilic p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene was synthesized through sulfonationand lipophilic conjugation on itsupper and lower rims respectively. The sy...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study is registered with ISRCTN, ISRCTN65937227, and ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01972425.FindingsBetween Nov 6, 2013, and Sept 13, 2016, 360 patients were screened for inclusion in the study. 146 patients were ineligible, leaving 214 who were recruited to the study. Four patients were excluded before randomisation, meaning that 210 patients were randomly assigned to biomarker-guided recommendation on antibiotics (n=104) or routine use of antibiotics (n=106). One patient in the biomarker-guided recommendation group was withdrawn by the clinical team before bronchoscopy and so was excluded from the intention-to-treat analys...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
This study aims to demonstrate the efficacy of SPO2 in children hospitalized with acute hypoxemic respiratory illness across Uganda.MethodsObjectives: Demonstrate efficacy of SPO2 in children hospitalized with acute hypoxemic respiratory illness.Study design: Multi-center, stepped-wedge cluster-randomized trial.Setting: Twenty health facilities across Uganda, a low-income, high-burden country for pediatric pneumonia.Site selection: Facilities with pediatric inpatient services lacking consistent O2 supply on pediatric wards.Participants: Children aged
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Rehabilitation professionals have a central role in promoting purpose in life as a means of increasing longevity. By assessing personality factors predictive of specific causes of mortality, those at risk may be targeted for cause-specific prevention strategies. PMID: 31794353 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
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