Association between genetic condition, hormonal factors, and risk of endometrial cancer

For women with Lynch syndrome, an association was found between the risk of endometrial cancer and the age of first menstrual cycle, having given birth, and hormonal contraceptive use, according to a study. Lynch syndrome is a genetic condition that increases the risk for various cancers.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

Related Links:

Conclusion: This cohort demonstrates the effectiveness of LS surveillance and suggests possible tailored surveillance strategies by gene mutation and family history. PMID: 32448028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Genetics in Medicine, Published online: 15 May 2020; doi:10.1038/s41436-020-0819-0Overcoming the challenges associated with universal screening for Lynch syndrome in colorectal and endometrial cancer
Source: Genetics in Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThese results indicate that there is scope to further increase provision of advice at FCCs to ensure that all carriers receive recommendations about evidence-based risk management. A multi-pronged behaviour change and implementation science approach tailored to specific barriers is likely to be needed to achieve optimal clinician behaviours and outcomes for carriers.
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Compare detection of Lynch syndrome in endometrial cancer between regions of a health care system with different screening strategies. METHODS: A retrospective study of endometrial cancer (EC) cases from 2 regions of an integrated health care system (Kaiser Permanente Northern (KPNC) and Southern (KPSC) California). Within KPNC, immunohistochemistry tumor screening (IHC) was physician ordered and risk-based; within KPSC, IHC was universal and automated. Clinical risk factors associated with abnormal IHC and Lynch Syndrome (LS) were identified. RESULTS: During the study, there were 204...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
In conclusion, somatic mutational signatures suggest that conventional MMR status of tumor tissues is likely to underestimate the significance of the predisposing MMR defects as contributors to breast tumorigenesis in LS. PMID: 32292574 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Endometrial carcinoma (EC), as described by Bokhman, has historically been classified as Type I (low-grade, hormone-dependant, young patients, good prognosis) or Type II (high-grade, hormone-independent, older patients, poor prognosis). This classification is no longer pragmatic, however, as EC is a much more heterogeneous disease. Four molecular subtypes of EC were identified by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and subsequent studies have demonstrated its utility in predicting prognosis. While endometrial serous carcinoma (ESC), the prototypical Type II EC, largely occurs in older women, younger women with ESC were not acc...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Mismatch repair deficiency (MMRD) is involved in the initiation of both hereditary and sporadic tumors. MMRD has been extensively studied in colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer, but not so in other tumors, such as ovarian carcinoma. We have determined the expression of mismatch repair proteins in a large cohort of 502 early-stage epithelial ovarian carcinoma entailing all the 5 main subtypes: high-grade serous carcinoma, endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (EOC), clear cell carcinoma (CCC), mucinous carcinoma, and low-grade serous carcinoma. We studied the association of MMRD with clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Lynch syndrome (LS), is an autosomal dominant disorder predisposing patients to multiple cancers, predominantly colorectal (CRC) and endometrial, and is implicated in 2-4% of all CRC cases. LS is characterized by mutations of four mismatch repair (MMR) genes which code for proteins responsible for recognizing and repairing DNA lesions occurring through multiple mechanisms including oxidative stress (OS). Increased OS can cause DNA mutations and is considered carcinogenic. Due to reduced MMR activity, LS patients have an increased risk of cancer as a result of a decreased ability to recognize and repair DN...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
We present an instructive case of FIGO grade 1 endometrioid endometrial carcinoma with a biphasic morphology, corresponding to subclonal loss of mismatch repair proteins (MMRP) MLH1 and PMS2 by immunohistochemistry and subclonal microsatellite instability. A pulmonary metastasis represented only the tumor component with retention of MMRPs. This case illustrates the need for pathologists to recognize and report heterogenous expression of MMRPs in endometrial carcinoma, to consider tumor heterogeneity when selecting foci for molecular studies, and to re-evaluate MMRP expression in tumor metastases, when clinically indicated....
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: PATHOLOGY OF THE CORPUS: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research
AbstractThe aims of the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD) are to provide empirical prospectively observed data on the incidences of cancer in different organs, survival following cancer and the effects of interventions in carriers of pathogenic variants of the mismatch repair genes (path_MMR) categorized by age, gene and gender. Although PLSD is assumption-free, as with any study the ascertainment procedures used to identify the study cohort will introduce selection biases which have to be declared and considered in detail in order to provide robust and valid results. This paper provides a commentary on the method...
Source: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Endometrial Cancer | Genetics | HNPCC | Hormones | Lynch Syndrome | Men | Science | Study | Women