Can understanding the neurobiology of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) inform treatment?

CONCLUSIONS: There has been a recent influx of studies examining the underlying neurobiology of BDD using structural and functional neuroimaging methods. Despite obvious symptom similarities with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), no study to date has directly compared the two groups using neuroimaging techniques. Studies have established that there are limbic and visual cortex abnormalities in BDD, in contrast to fronto-striatal differences in OCD. Such data suggests affect or visual training maybe useful in BDD. PMID: 26129816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Based on these results, we propose conceptual and operational definitions of response and full or partial remission in BDD. A consensus regarding these constructs will improve the interpretation and comparison of future clinical trials, as well as improve communication among researchers, clinicians, and patients. Further research is needed, especially regarding definitions of full remission, recovery, and relapse. PMID: 31662124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients who underwent liposuction had a significantly higher total score of BDD-YBOCS than healthy volunteers matched by sex, age, and body mass index. Subjects with higher BDD-YBOCS scores had significantly lower serum leptin levels.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSD), including OCD, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs, such as trichotillomania and skin-picking disorder), and chronic tic disorders/Tourette ’s disorder (TD) share overlapping clinical phenomenology and associated dysregulated subcortical neurocircuitry. The cortico-striatal-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) neural pathway is involved in the regulation of behaviors (cognitive and emotional), and as such, disruption can result in a variety of und esired, repetitive manifestations (ie, tics, obsessions/compulsions, picking/pulling).
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical Perspectives 51 Source Type: research
This study sought to examine whether mood, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders have unique (comorbidity-independent) associations with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in an acute psychiatric population. METHODS: Patient...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
This study provides preliminary evidence for self-oriented perfectionism being a risk factor for the development of BDD in youth. If replicated, these findings could highlight the potential value of targeting self-oriented perfectionism in prevention and early intervention programs for BDD.
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The teenage years are hard on kids’ sense of identity and self-esteem, especially as their bodies and minds are changing and growing at a rapid rate. As a parent, it may feel like you are jumping through mental and emotional hoops, doing your best to build up your child while still maintaining discipline. However, adolescents who struggle with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) may need more help than most parents may realize. Body Dysmorphic Disorder Strikes At A Vulnerable Age Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental disorder that leads individuals to constantly think about their perceived appearance flaws. These flaws may...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Eating Disorders Parenting Perfectionism Adolescence Body dysmorphia Body Image Teenagers Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsUMIs are a common phenomenon across different cultural contexts and operate transdiagnostically across clinically different disorders.ResumenIntroducción/ObjetivoLas intrusiones mentales no deseadas (IM), clásicamente estudiadas en relación con el trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo (TOC), tienen una prevalencia elevada independientemente de la nacionalidad, religión, y/o el contexto cultural. Las investigaciones muestran que también es habitual experimentar IM sobre contenidos relacionados con el trastorno dismórfico corporal (TDC), la ansiedad por la enfermedad/hipocondr&iac...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This article discusses BDD, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and the nurse's role.
Source: Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: CE Connection Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundRhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after procedures in plastic surgery by individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). The identification of BDD symptoms is a challenge for plastic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to use a specific instrument for detection of BDD symptoms as a screening tool in rhinoplasty candidates and estimate the prevalence and severity of BDD symptoms in this population.MethodsEighty patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were consecutively recruited at a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a university hospital from February 2014 to March 2015. In a clinical inter...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 December 2018Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Susan L. Longley, Jill Holm-Denoma, Nicholas P. Allan, John E. Calamari, Kerrie Armstrong, Ada Wainwright, Naheed Hasan
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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