Emil Kraepelin's ideas on transcultural psychiatry.

CONCLUSION: Kraepelin assumed that illnesses with exterior causes depended on the type of stimulants widely used in a given culture. Since he found little evidence for progressive paralysis, he concluded that European brains were particularly prone to sequelae of syphilis. For endogenous psychoses he postulated differences in both symptoms and courses, depressions being rarer and milder, and ceasing sooner. By contrast, he found dementia praecox (mainly covered by the concept of schizophrenias later) to be the most prevalent mental illness in Java, explicitly different in form from that in Europe. PMID: 26129818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Resumo Com o objetivo de efetuar o rastreio do perfil cognitivo dos residentes em Estruturas Para Idosos no Concelho de Miranda do Corvo, avaliaram-se 174 participantes recorrendo ao Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (n=96) e ao diagn óstico de demência reportado nos prontuários dos pacientes (n=78). Verificou-se, através do MMSE, que 41,7% dos inquiridos apresentavam pontuações sugestivas de déficit cognitivo. Adicionando a este resultado o diagnóstico de demência reportado nos prontuários dos pacientes, a percentagem subiu para 67,8% (n=118). A compar...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
This article reviews the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of neurosyphilis, and it addresses the controversy regarding the role of lumbar puncture early in the course of infection. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusion The LZC can be used as one of the diagnostic indexes meanwhile the trend and degree of its change can be used as the reference index of curative effect to neurosyphilis. PMID: 30912484 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
We report a case of neurosyphilis presented with rapidly progressive dementia along with psychotic symptoms. PMID: 30785032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Conclusion: Neurosyphilis victimized several notorious composers. It can be argued that neurosyphilis was a major source of inspiration as well, being responsible for the genesis of musical masterpieces.RESUMO Atrav és da história, a neurossífilis vitimou milhares de pessoas, incluindo compositores clássicos, com uma grande gama de manifestações. Métodos: Seis artigos com descrições de compositores com possível neurossífilis foram revisados. Resultados: Neurossífilis é um diagnóstico possível p ara compositores como Bee...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Based on these preliminary data, patients with clinically evident symptoms of dementia, especially middle-aged males, should undergo blood tests for syphilis. All patients with positive serology results should undergo CSF examinations to diagnose GP dementia before further pharmaceutical and behavioral interventions.Eur Neurol 2018;80:82 –86
Source: European Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that remains a global health threat. Syphilis rates in the United States have also been increasing. Left untreated, syphilis infection can span decades and have serious complications including blindness, dementia and paralysis. Syphilis in pregnancy causes prematurity, low birthweight, neonatal death, and infections in newborns. Improvements in syphilis detection are needed to facilitate early diagnosis of active infections and monitor treatment with antibiotics.Researchers at the CDC have developed a rapid, serological test that detects active syphilis infections. The test ...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Syphilis is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium, Treponema pallidum (T. pallidum). If left untreated, syphilis can cause serious complications including blindness, paralysis and dementia.The venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) test is one type of screening test used to detect syphilis. This blood test first detects antibodies responding to antigens produced by cells damaged by Treponema pallidum bacteria. Note that some literature suggest that these antigens could also come from dead/dying T. pallidum cells. Due to the high incidence of false positive and false negative results,...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
(University of Connecticut) Despite efforts to eradicate it, syphilis is on the rise. It is the second leading cause of stillbirth and miscarriage worldwide, and if left untreated it can cause strokes, dementia, and other neurological disease. Until now, most health agencies focused on treating infected people and their sex partners -- but new discoveries may make a vaccine possible, UConn Health researchers report in the June 12 issue of mBio.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
We present the case of an 80-year-old woman, single with no children, who lived alone, and, up until presentation, was able to perform activities of daily living self-sufficiently. She reported to have the support of friends and neighbors, and she lived in the small community of São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal. She had completed two years of college before dropping out during her third year, and her last job was as an elder care-worker. She had no personal or family psychiatric antecedents and no history of alcohol or illicit drug addictions. The patient was diagnosed with DM2 two years previously and was treate...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Case Report Current Issue acute confusional state delirium diabetes hyperglycemia psychosis Source Type: research
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