Comprehensive analysis of the interaction of antigen presentation during anti-tumour immunity and establishment of AIDPS systems in ovarian cancer

J Cell Mol Med. 2024 Apr;28(8):e18309. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.18309.ABSTRACTThere are hundreds of prognostic models for ovarian cancer. These genes are based on different gene classes, and there are many ways to construct the models. Therefore, this paper aims to build the most stable prognostic evaluation system known to date through 101 machine learning strategies. We combined 101 algorithm combinations with 10 machine learning algorithms to create antigen presentation-associated genetic markers (AIDPS) with outstanding precision and steady performance. The inclusive set of algorithms comprises the elastic network (Enet), Ridge, stepwise Cox, Lasso, generalized enhanced regression model (GBM), random survival forest (RSF), supervised principal component (SuperPC), Cox partial least squares regression (plsRcox), survival support vector machine (Survival-SVM). Then, in the train cohort, the prediction model was fitted using a leave-one cross-validation (LOOCV) technique, which involved 101 different possible combinations of prognostic genes. Seven validation data sets (GSE26193, GSE26712, GSE30161, GSE63885, GSE9891, GSE140082 and ICGC_OV_AU) were compared and analysed, and the C-index was calculated. Finally, we collected 32 published ovarian cancer prognostic models (including mRNA and lncRNA). All data sets and prognostic models were subjected to a univariate Cox regression analysis, and the C-index was calculated to demonstrate that the antigen presentation process should be t...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research