Application of Behavioral Theories to Disaster and Emergency Health Preparedness: A Systematic Review
INTRODUCTION According to the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), natural disasters are classified as geophysical, metrological, hydrological, climatological and biological. These five disaster types encompass 12 disaster types and more than 30 sub-types. The 20th Century witnessed an increase in disaster losses, and this has continued its upward trend in the current Century. Climate change will increase the rate of increase of disasters, particularly those of meteorological origin. This is reflected in the fact that, of all natural hazards, floods are the most frequent and their impacts are also increasing 1,2. Though man-made disasters are also on the rise, the available global data is very limited to showing the trend over time; however, for the year 2012, CRED reported the occurrence of 188 technological disasters worldwide 1. It is also important to note that geographically, Asia is the continent with highest toll of natural disasters (e.g., in 2012, it accounted for 40.7% of disasters and 64.5% of disaster victims). Discrepancies in between number of events and victims, with Asia bearing the brunt of both events and losses, highlights the urgent need for more DRR efforts to be directed to Asian countries. It is also evident that despite the growing experience of hazard events, the growing incidence of disaster related losses indicates that the experience of disaster per se is not acting to trigger greater mitigation or preparedness activities in...
[Premium Times] The Nigerian government has hosted 16 Nigerians recently honoured by the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) for their contributions to the control of the HIV epidemic in Nigeria.
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Conclusions: The percentage of patients utilizing opioid prescriptions after ankle fracture surgery is much lower than expected, suggesting that routine prescriptions given after ankle fracture surgery and other smaller orthopaedic procedures are not likely to be contributing to the epidemic.
ConclusionConception and safe, full-term pregnancy is achievable following Lap-RFA of symptomatic fibroids. Additional large, rigorous, multivariate prospective studies that adjust for confounders and report pregnancy outcomes following symptomatic fibroid treatment are needed.
Conclusion The quality of the apps is markedly variable in both the paid and unpaid applications. Using the APPLICATIONS scoring system, the apps were very similar in overall quality and value.
ConclusionPeople with uncontrolled epilepsy think that there is a scope for mHealth technology to be useful in healthcare as a detection or prediction tool. The costs will be compared with the benefits when it comes to engagement, and ongoing work with patients and other stakeholders is needed to design practical resources.
Publication date: Available online 23 June 2019Source: Brain StimulationAuthor(s): Madhuri H. Nanjundaswamy, Prateek Varshney, Milind Vijay Thanki, B. Arunya, Vindya Rai, Urvakhsh M. Mehta, Shyam Sundar Arumugham, Paulomi M. Sudhir, Prabha S. Chandra
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Sheng Song, Qingshan Wang, Lulu Jiang, Esteban Oyarzabal, Natallia V. Riddick, Belinda Wilson, Sheryl S. Moy, Yen-Yu Ian Shih, Jau-Shyong HongAbstractThe loss of central norepinephrine (NE) released by neurons of the locus coeruleus (LC) occurs with aging, and is thought to be an important factor in producing the many of the nonmotor symptoms and exacerbating the degenerative process in animal models of Parkinson’s disease (PD). We hypothesize that selectively depleting noradrenergic LC neurons prior to the induction of chr...
State officials are appealing a federal judge's decision that struck down North Carolina's ban on abortions after the 20th week of pregnancy, except in a medical emergency
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