< em > OCT4 < /em > Expression in Gliomas Is Dependent on Cell Metabolism

Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2024 Jan 25;46(2):1107-1120. doi: 10.3390/cimb46020070.ABSTRACTThe OCT4 transcription factor is necessary to maintain cell stemness in the early stages of embryogenesis and is involved in the formation of induced pluripotent stem cells, but its role in oncogenesis is not yet entirely clear. In this work, OCT4 expression was investigated in malignant gliomas. Twenty glioma cell lines and a sample of normal adult brain tissue were used. OCT4 expression was found in all studied glioma cell lines but was not detected in normal adult brain tissue. For one of these lines, OCT4 knockdown caused tumor cell death. By varying the culture conditions of these cells, we unexpectedly found that OCT4 expression increased when cells were incubated in serum-free medium, and this effect was significantly enhanced in serum-free and L-glutamine-free medium. L-glutamine and the Krebs cycle, which is slowed down in serum-free medium according to our NMR data, are sources of α-KG. Thus, our data indicate that OCT4 expression in gliomas may be regulated by the α-KG-dependent metabolic reprogramming of cells.PMID:38392188 | PMC:PMC10887564 | DOI:10.3390/cimb46020070
Source: Current Issues in Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research