Disruption of the Functional Activity of Neutrophil Granulocytes as a Risk Factor for the Development of Lung Damage in Pregnant Women with COVID-19

Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2024 Jan 25;46(2):1121-1135. doi: 10.3390/cimb46020071.ABSTRACTCurrently, the assessment of immune status in patients with COVID-19 is limited to determining the count of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and the phagocytic function of neutrophils, which is insufficient to understand the regulatory role of innate immunity cells in the development of pneumonia. However, no such studies have been conducted in pregnant women with COVID-19. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional state of neutrophil granulocytes in order to identify predictors of pneumonia severity risk in pregnant women with COVID-19. A clinical characterization of pregnant women with COVID-19 in addition to minimal and average lung changes was provided. The composition and ratio of morphological forms of leukocyte cells were studied. Cytochemical studies of neutrophil granulocytes were carried out and calculations of the mean cytological index (MCI) for succinate dehydrogenase, myeloperoxidase, and cationic proteins were performed. The number of NETs in blood smears was counted. Independent predictors of pneumonia severity in pregnant women with COVID-19 were calculated using regression analysis. The quality of the model was assessed using ROC analysis. In pregnant women with COVID-19 and an average volume of lung changes, the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (p = 0.03) and band neutrophils (p = 0.002) in the blood was significantly higher than in pregnant women with minim...
Source: Current Issues in Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research