Deep Immunophenotyping of Circulating T and B Cells in Relapsing Adult-Onset Still's Disease

Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2024 Feb 1;46(2):1177-1191. doi: 10.3390/cimb46020075.ABSTRACTAdult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a complex systemic inflammatory disorder, categorized as an 'IL-1 driven' inflammasomapathy. Despite this, the interaction between T and B cells remains poorly understood. We conducted a study, enrolling 7 patients with relapsing AOSD and 15 healthy control subjects, utilizing deep flow cytometry analysis to examine peripheral blood T- and B-cell subsets. T-cell and B-cell subsets were significantly altered in patients with AOSD. Within CD4+ T cells, Th2 cells were decreased. Additionally, Th17 cell and follicular Th cell subsets were altered within CD45RA-CD62L+ and CD45RA-CD62L- Th cells in patients with AOSD compared to healthy controls. We identified changes in CD8+ T cell maturation and 'polarization' in AOSD patients, with an elevated presence of the TEMRA CD8+ T cell subset. Furthermore, the percentage of Tc1 cells was decreased, while the frequency of CCR6-CXCR3- Tc2 cells was elevated. Finally, we determined that the frequency of CD5+CD27- B cells was dramatically decreased in patients with AOSD compared to healthy controls. Further investigations on a large group of patients with AOSD are required to evaluate these adaptive immunity cells in the disease pathogenesis.PMID:38392193 | PMC:PMC10887416 | DOI:10.3390/cimb46020075
Source: Current Issues in Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research