Stress hormones could undermine breast cancer therapy

Stress hormones often given to patients to treat the side effects of therapy may cause a subset of breast cancers to become treatment-resistant, scientists report.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Abstract Throughout various eras of breast cancer therapy, postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) has played an important role in the treatment of locally advanced breast cancer. PMRT decreases locoregional recurrence and may improve overall survival in patients with tumors over 5 cm or positive lymph nodes. As novel cancer therapies improve survival in breast cancer, the role of radiation therapy is evolving. Individualized recommendations for PMRT dependent on pathologic response after neoadjuvant systemic therapy are under investigation. This review summarizes the role of PMRT during breast cancer therapy...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 July 2018Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Samira Malekmohammadi, Hassan Hadadzadeh, Zahra AmirghofranAbstractThe purpose of this study is to develop a targeted drug delivery system containing folic acid-conjugated dendritic amino mesoporous silica nanoparticles (DFMSNs) loaded with a cyclometallated gold(III) complex, [Au(bzpy)Cl2] (bzpy = 2-benzylpyridine), as a cytotoxic agent (Au(drug)@DFMSNs). The products, including the Au(III) complex, DFMSNs, and Au(drug)@DFMSNs, were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field-emission scanning electron micro...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Work by theNanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL), a joint initiative of NCI, NIST, and the FDA, has led to the discovery of a novel combination chemotherapy. This combination is shown to have synergistic effects on cytotoxicity to cancer cells in vitro, and to cause a substantial decrease in tumor growth in preclinical tumor models in vivo. Combination therapy using these agents may enhance the response rate of different cancers to these drugs and may significantly reduce side effects by permitting a lower therapeutic dose to be administered. SAIC Frederick'' s Nanotechnology Characterization   Laboratory&n...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Traditional chemotherapeutic drugs have shown limited clinical curative effects in antitumor therapy. The application of multidrug combination and adjuvant-drug carriers is a feasible strategy to overcome the limitations while minimizing the dosage of single drug and acquiring the synergistic effects in tumor therapy. However, the systemic toxicity, drug resistance, and tumor recurrence are still unavoidable. Here we develop core–shell nanoparticles (NPs) to encapsulate paclitaxel (PTX) and gemcitabine (GEM) for breast cancer therapy. We find that the NPs could encapsulate PTX and GEM, with an encapsulation efficienc...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Preclinical Reports Source Type: research
OrganometallicsDOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.8b00354
Source: Organometallics - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, a new comprehensive two-dimensional (2D) 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)-decorated MCF7-cell membrane chromatography (CMC)/capcell-C18 column/time-of-flight mass spectrometry system was established for screening potential active components and clarifying the active fraction of Yuanhu–Baizhi pair. APTES was modified on the surface of silica, which can provide an amino group to covalently link cell membrane fragments with the help of glutaraldehyde in order to improve the stability and column life span of the MCF7 CMC column. The comprehensive 2D MCF7-CMC system showed good separation and identifica...
Source: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 August 2018Source: Life Sciences, Volume 206Author(s): Qian Zhou, Chaoqun You, Cong Zheng, Yawen Gu, Hongchao Gu, Rui Zhang, Hongshuai Wu, Baiwang SunAbstractDNA is considered to be one of the most promising targets for anticancer agents. Acridine analogues have anticancer activity based on DNA binding and topoisomerases inhibition. However, due to the side effects, resistance and low bioavailability, a few have entered into clinical usage and the mechanisms of action are not fully understood. Novel acridine derivatives are needed for effective cancer therapy. A series of novel 3-nitroacridine-based der...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2018Source: Advances in Biological Regulation, Volume 67Author(s): Kurt Geffken, Sarah SpiegelAbstractBreast cancer affects 1 out of 8 women in the US and is the second highest cause of death from cancer for women, leading to considerable research examining the causes, progression, and treatment of breast cancer. Over the last two decades, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a potent sphingolipid metabolite, has been implicated in many processes important for breast cancer including growth, progression, transformation and metastasis, and is the focus of this review. In particular, one of the kinases th...
Source: Advances in Biological Regulation - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 May 2018Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Cristina Amaral, Tiago Vieira Augusto, Elisiário Tavares-da-Silva, Fernanda M.F. Roleira, Georgina Correia-da-Silva, Natércia TeixeiraAbstractThe leading cause of cancer death in women around the world is breast cancer. The aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are considered - as first-line treatment for estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast tumors, in postmenopausal women. Exemestane (Exe) is a powerful steroidal AI, however, despite its therapeutic success, Exe-acquired resistance may occur lead...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The objectives of the current study were to synthesize and test the effectiveness of a nanotechnology-based strategy utilizing folic acid (FA)-conjugated liposomes that incorporate both celastrol (Cs) and irinotecan (Ir) for targeted breast cancer therapy. Our results revealed the successful preparation of Cs and Ir-loaded folate-targeted liposomes (Lipo/Cs/Ir-FA) with a small particle size (∼190 nm) and polydispersity index (∼0.10). The formulation exhibited higher drug release profiles for both Ir and Cs at pH 5.0 compared to those at physiological pH, favoring cancer cell-targeted release. Furthermore, in vitr...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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