Is ketogenic diet a 'precision medicine'? Recent developments and future challenges

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2023 Nov 15;48:13-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2023.11.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRecently, precision medicine has attracted much attention in the management of epilepsies, but it remains unclear if the increasingly utilized ketogenic diet approaches can truly be considered precision medicine in all epilepsy treatment. Currently, it is the standard treatment for patients with GLUT1 deficiency and the latest NICE guidelines highlight ketogenic diet as a therapeutic option for multi-drug resistant epilepsy patients. Ketogenic diet is presumed to be a precision medicine tool when applied to the treatment of seizures secondary to GLUT1 transporter deficiency. In contrast, the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms modulated by ketogenic diet and underlying its efficacy in other epilepsy types can only be hypothesized to relate to mechanisms of neuroprotection, neuromodulation, and reduction of neuroinflammation. Early ketogenic diet initiation in well-selected patients, would allow immediate action in the direction of neuroprotection and modulation of neuroinflammation, ensuring higher success rates and lower "cost" to the patient in terms of quality of life and comorbidities. These considerations have fueled an increasing interest in investigating the efficacy, side effects, and adherence to long-term use of the ketogenic diet in epilepsy treatment in large contemporary cohorts, available within the scope of multicentric collaborations, such as the European ...
Source: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research