Ultrasound and algorithms to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies
(FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology) Currently the only test to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies is through a lumbar puncture, a painful and difficult procedure to perform. For this reason, a group of biomedical engineers decided to search for an alternative and developed a portable device that can detect this illness with a simple ultrasound scan of the fontanelle. The high-resolution image obtained is then analyzed with algorithms and within seconds indicates if there is cellularity in the cerebrospinal fluid that is sign of infection.
Slunečko Tatjana Avšič-Županc West Nile virus (WNV) is a flavivirus transmitted by mosquitoes. Birds are the reservoir for the virus; humans, horses and other mammals are dead-end hosts. Infections caused by WNV in humans can vary from asymptomatic infections to West Nile fever (WNF) or West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND). In 1995, a serosurvey was performed in Slovenia on forest workers, and WNV specific IgG antibodies were confirmed in 6.8% of the screened samples, indicating that WNV is circulating in Slovenia. No human disease cases were detected in Slovenia until 2013, when the first case of WNV in...
Publication date: Available online 1 July 2020Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Xiao Yang, Chenyang Zhang, Jun Zhang, Guisheng Chen, Li Zhao, Ping Yang, Huilu Li, Youming Long
Publication date: Available online 1 July 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Colomba Claudia, Rubino Raffaella, Anastasia Antonio, Palermo Gabriele, Lo Porto Davide, Abbott Michelle, Bonura Silvia, Cascio Antonio
In conclusion, cigarette smoking was proved to be the most significant risk factor for development of pulmonary tuberculosis and its recurrence. PMID: 32595242 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Barnawi AI, Kordy FN, Almuwallad OK, Kassarah KA Abstract Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (E. meningoseptica ) are Gram-negative bacteria commonly associated with nosocomial infections in neonates. This is a case study of E. meningoseptica, presented as meningitis and sepsis in a term baby. The female infant was born by vaginal delivery at 37 weeks gestational age. The case was peculiar because the baby was neither premature nor immuno-compromised, which are known risk factors for E. meningoseptica infection. The onset began on the second day of the neonate's life. On day 3, peripheral blood culture and cer...
Conclusions Existing immunological and microbiological TB tests have suboptimal sensitivity in children with TBM, with each test producing false-negative results in a substantial proportion of patients. Combining immune-based tests with CSF culture and CSF PCR results in considerably higher positive diagnostic yields, and should therefore be standard clinical practice in high-resource settings.
The CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices met virtually June 24 to discuss topics related to the COVID-19 pandemic and issues pertaining to vaccines for influenza and meningococcal disease.
Conclusion For sella-centered pathologies, a single dose of intravenous co-amoxiclav (or teicoplanin) is associated with rates of meningitis comparable to those reported in the literature. Postoperative meningitis was significantly higher for extended, intradural transphenoidal approaches, especially when postoperative CSF leak occurred. Fastidious efforts to prevent postoperative CSF leak are crucial to minimizing risk of meningitis. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2020Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Zhi-Ye Yu, Ming-Jui Tsai, Yu-Jen Lin, Wang-Da Liu, Sheng-Chieh Chou, Chien-Ching Hung
Laboratory confirmed cases of invasive meningococcal disease reported to the enhanced meningococcal surveillance programme in England. 30 June 2020 Added corrected table 1 in January to March 2020 report. 23 June 2020 Added Health Protection Report (HPR) 14(12) January to March 2020 quarterly report.