Fermentation patterns of prebiotics fructooligosaccharides-SCFA esters inoculated with fecal microbiota from ulcerative colitis patients

In this study, esters formed by binding of well-known prebiotics, fructooligosaccharides (FOS), with short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) via both enzymatic and chemical methods were evaluated for their impact on the gut microbiota of UC patients. An in vitro human colonic fermentation model was employed to monitor changes in total carbohydrates and SCFAs production during the fermentation of these esters by microbiota from patients with active and remission UC. The results showed that pronounced abundance of [Ruminococcus]_gnavus_group, Escherichia_Shigella, Lachnoclostridium, Klebsiella and other potential pathogens were detected in the fecal samples from UC patients, with a milder condition observed during the remission phase. Significant higher levels of corresponding SCFA were observed in the groups with addition of FOS-SCFAs esters during fermentation. Butyrylated fructooligosaccharides (B-FOS) and propionylated fructooligosaccharides (P-FOS) by enzymatic synthesis successfully promoted the proliferation of Bifidobacterium and inhibited Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 and Klebsiella. Overall, B-FOS and P-FOS exhibit promising potential for restoring intestinal homeostasis and alleviating intestinal inflammation in individuals with UC.PMID:37652126 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.114009
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research