Pathogenesis of neointima formation following vascular injury.
Pathogenesis of neointima formation following vascular injury. Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets. 2011 Mar 1;11(1):30-9 Authors: O' Brien ER, Ma X, Simard T, Pourdjabbar A, Hibbert B Abstract Revascularization remains the cornerstone of managing obstructive coronary artery disease. Although percutaneous coronary interventions involving the insertion of metal scaffolds, known as stents, has emerged as the preferred method of restoring vessel patency, as many as 30% of patients will experience a gradual re-narrowing of the lumen caused by neointima (NI) formation, resulting in a condition known as in-stent restenosis (ISR). ISR represents a significant limitation to percutaneous revascularization - however, abrogating NI formation following stent implantation has been hampered by an incomplete understanding of the pathogenesis of in-stent lesions. While numerous mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of ISR, data from human and animal models have yielded conflicting results. Herein, we review key studies of NI development following vascular injury with a focus on the origin of cells participating in NI formation. PMID: 21446903 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Daeeun Kwon, Woobin Bae, Jeonghwan Kim