Congenital and maternal syphilis in the capital of Brazil

CONCLUSIONS: Although mothers attended prenatal care, not all were diagnosed during pregnancy or received adequate treatment for syphilis, as their partners did not undergo treatment for syphilis.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Appak Ö, Manyaslı M, Cengiz MM, Deliloğlu B, Karaoğlu Asrak H, Özlü C, Sayıner AA Abstract The screening for syphilis during pregnancy is important to prevent intrauterine transmission and complications. Prozone phenomenon may cause a false negative result in non-treponemal syphilis tests, which complicates an accurate diagnosis. In this case report a newborn syphilis case was presented to emphasize the importance of reverse algorithm in diagnosis and the prozone phenomenon which can cause problems in rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test. The 2920 g infant patient was born from a 24-year-old m...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Abstract In Brazil, the reported number of syphilis cases among pregnant women has markedly increased. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of Treponema pallidum infection and associated factors in pregnant women in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Participants voluntarily completed a risk-factor questionnaire and provided blood specimens for unlinked anonymous testing for the presence of antibodies against T. pallidum, the causative agent of syphilis. Data of newborns were obtained from medical records. We performed univariate and multivariate regression analyses to assess associa...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Conclusion: Syphilis remains a major problem in the study area. Seroprevalence of syphilis was significantly associated with women who have multiple sexual partners and late first ANC visit attendees in the study area. Therefore it is recommended to give health education about syphilis etiology and transmission as well as creating awareness about the importance of early ANC visit and follow-up regarding syphilis prevention. PMID: 31380117 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: in certain population groups, syphilis is still an important health care problem, especially in vulnerable individuals, such as childbearing women and newborns babies. More attention needs to be paid to primary prevention; the number of cases of congenital syphilis could be reduced by more involvement of midwifes and family doctors in antenatal care. PMID: 31374436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: The unfavorable outcomes occurred in women who did not undergo the second VDRL test and those whose VDRL titer was>1:8 performed in the maternity hospital.Resumo Objetivos: analisar os fatores associados aos desfechos desfavor áveis provocados pela sífilis na gestação. Métodos: estudo descritivo realizado entre maio a agosto de 2014, em maternidades públicas. Foi aplicado um questionário a todas as mulheres que apresentaram exame de Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) reagente e os dados foram complementad os com informações dos prontu&a...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the presence and characteristics of syphilis in a group of patients attending an STI Clinic in the North of Italy. A retrospective study was carried out, analysing the data from the 5609 subjects who attended the STI Clinic of St. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital (Bologna) for syphilis screening from January 2016 to December 2017. Globally, 692 patients (12.3%) were found positive for treponemal tests, with a significant difference between males and females (16.6% vs 4.1%; P
Source: New Microbiologica - Category: Microbiology Tags: New Microbiol Source Type: research
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey on May 15 signed into law the strictest abortion ban in the country, sparking fears not only about abortion access, but also about how the policy could worsen disparities that already endanger the health of women living in the south. The law, set to become enforceable in six months, bans nearly all abortions at all stages of pregnancy, with exceptions only for serious threats to the mother’s health. It also makes performing abortions a crime for doctors, who could be convicted of a felony and face up to 99 years in prison. Until the law is enforced, abortion is still legally available in Alabama...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized abortion Abortion Ban medicine politics public health Source Type: news
Authors: Dionne-Odom J, Khan MJ, Jauk VC, Szychowski J, Long DM, Wallace S, Neely C, Fry K, Marrazzo J, Crain M, Tita ATN Abstract Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with adverse birth outcomes. Current prenatal STI screening guidelines define "risk" without explicit consideration of HIV status. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that HIV status is associated with bacterial STI in pregnant women. Methods: We designed a retrospective cohort study to identify pregnant women with HIV who delivered at our facility during 2000-2014. HIV+ women were compared to HIV- wome...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Efforts to dual eradication of mother-to-child transmission of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis have improved in the previous decades. This has however been hindered by limited validation studi...
Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
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