The Antiarrhythmic Action of the Na < sup > + < /sup > /Ca < sup > 2+ < /sup > Exchanger Inhibitor SEA0400 on Drug-Induced Long QT Syndrome Depends on the Severity of Proarrhythmic Conditions in Anesthetized Atrioventricular Block Rabbits

Biol Pharm Bull. 2023;46(8):1120-1127. doi: 10.1248/bpb.b23-00202.ABSTRACTTo clarify the pharmacological properties of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) inhibitor SEA0400 as an antiarrhythmic agent, we assessed its effects on rapid component of delayed rectifier K+ current (IKr) blocker-induced torsade de pointes (TdP) in isoflurane-anesthetized rabbits. Atrioventricular block was induced in rabbits using a catheter ablation technique, and the monophasic action potential (MAP) of the right ventricle was measured under electrical pacing at 60 beats/min. In non-treated control animals, intravenous administration of low-dose (0.3 mg/kg) or high-dose nifekalant (3 mg/kg) prolonged the MAP duration (MAP90) by 113 ± 11 ms (n = 5) and 237 ± 39 ms (n = 5), respectively, where TdP was induced in 1/5 animals treated with a low dose and in 3/5 animals treated with a high dose of nifekalant. In SEA0400-treated animals, low- and high-dose nifekalant prolonged the MAP90 by 65 ± 13 ms (n = 5) and 230 ± 20 ms (n = 5), respectively. No TdP was induced by the low dose but 1/5 animals treated with a high dose of nifekalant developed TdP. In verapamil-treated animals, low-dose and high-dose nifekalant prolonged MAP90 by 50 ± 12 ms (n = 5) and 147 ± 30 ms (n = 5), respectively, without inducing TdP. These results suggest that SEA0400 has the potential to inhibit low-dose nifekalant-induced TdP by suppressing the MAP-prolonging action of nifekalant, whereas the drug inhibited high-dose nifekalant...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research