Profile of renal diseases in Iraqi children: A single-center report.

This study reports the epidemiological data, percentages and types of renal disorders in children seen at the pediatric nephrology center of the AlKadhymia Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. A retrospective review of the charts of all patients, aged between one month and 14 years, who were admitted and followed-up for a period of three years from January 2009 till January 2012 were studied. The presence of renal disease based on their clinical records, laboratory tests and final diagnosis were noted. A total of 4785 children were admitted during the study period, of whom 326 renal disorders were observed in 281 children (5.8%). The affected children included 158 males (56.2%) and 123 females (43.7%). Majority of the cases were above two years of age (n = 181; 64.4%). Among them, urinary tract infection, seen in 60 patients (18.4%), was the most common renal disease, followed by nephrotic syndrome (n = 52; 15.9%), renal stone disease (n = 49; 15%), congenital malformations (n = 46; 14.1%), acute renal failure (n = 37; 11.3%), chronic renal failure (n = 22; 6.7%), glomerulonephritis (n = 16; 4.9%), isolated hematuria (n = 14; 4.2%), hypertension (n = 8; 2.4%), tubular disorders [renal tubular acidosis (n = 8; 2.4%), isolated hypercalciuria (n = 7; 2.1%), Bartter syndrome (n = 1; 0.3%)] and Wilm's tumor in six (1.8%) patients. The spectrum of renal disorders in Iraq is wide, and is similar to those reported from other developing countries with a predominance of infectious disease...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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This article describes the genetics of NS/SRNS in childhood and also gives a narrative review of the challenges and opportunities for molecular testing among children with SRNS in Nigeria. For these children to benefit from genetic diagnosis, Nigeria must aspire to have and develop the manpower and infrastructure required for medical genetics and genomic medicine, leveraging on her existing experiences in genomic medicine. Concerted efforts can be put in place to increase the number of enrollees in Nigeria's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). The scope of the NHIS can be expanded to cater for the expensive bill of ge...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Tian L Abstract The exact mechanism of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is unknown. It needs to be treated because of severe headache and impaired vision. For medically refractory patients, cerebrospinal fluid diversion, optic nerve sheath fenestration and dural venous sinus stenting is applied to relieve the symptoms. As a new therapy, the complication of dural venous stenting was a focus for operators. Here, a woman is reported with IIH who suffered from mastoiditis after stenting in the sigmoid sinus for the first time. The special local anatomy of the sigmoid sinus adjacent to the inner struc...
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
In this study, we pursued a candidate gene approach to measure WNT pathway genes in residual clinical FFPE biopsies with and without MVI. We focused on the WNT pathway because of previous translational studies that implicated this pathway in chronic renal allograft injury as well as vascular injury in native chronic kidney disease.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Conclusions: FMT restores alterations of the gut microenvironment in IBS-D patients during the first 3 weeks and improves their symptoms for up to 28 weeks. ID: NCT03333291. PMID: 31190584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Immigration increased the incidence of HCC and the need for active treatment such as LT. This fact raises the question of whether immigrants from regions with a high incidence of HCC ought to be subjected to mandatory hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) diagnosis and consequent liver ultrasounds for diagnosis of occult HCC. With such strategies, the morbidity and mortality of HCC could be reduced. PMID: 31190577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang X, Ye L, Huang Y, Ding X, Wang L Abstract Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a pathological state defined by increased pulmonary artery pressure, the pathogenesis of which is related to genetic mutations, intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i), inflammation and proliferation. Transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel expressed in neural and nonneural cells, including pulmonary vessels and nerves. As a calcium channel, TRPV1 can make vessels contracted, and promote smooth muscle cells proliferation through calcium-dependent transcription factors. Activatio...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
We report 4 cases of renal vasculitis or pauci-immune glomerulonephritis after checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Three patients had renal small- to medium-vessel vasculitis and 1 had focally crescentic pauci-immune glomerulonephritis. Three patients presented with acute kidney injury, and 1 presented with nephrotic syndrome and hematuria. Three patients were tested for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, which were negative. The time from checkpoint inhibitor initiation to immune-related adverse event presentation ranged from 2 weeks to 24 months. Three patients were treated with glucocorticoids, resulting in clinical resol...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCXCL8 and CXCL10 are potential predictors of JIA and RA. CXCL10 is a more significant predictor. The CXCL16 was not found to have such impact and it might be of value in a subgroup of seropositive RA patients.
Source: The Egyptian Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract Globally, approximately 20% of the 400 million individuals with diabetes mellitus have diabetic kidney disease (DKD). DKD is associated with higher cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality, so timely diagnosis and treatment are critical. Screening for early DKD is best done with annual spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio testing, and diagnosis is confirmed by repeated elevation in urinary albumin excretion. Treatment includes management of hyperglycemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and cessation of tobacco use. Multiple antihyperglycemic medications, including sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
ConclusionThe activity and safety of first-line FOLFIRI/aflibercept merit further evaluation in randomized registration numberNCT02624726.
Source: Targeted Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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