In vitro activity of aztreonam –avibactam against Enterobacterales isolates collected in Latin America, Africa/Middle East, Asia, and Eurasia for the ATLAS Global Surveillance Program in 2019–2021

This study aimed to report reference method antimicrobial susceptibility results for 24,937 recent (2019 –2021) clinical isolates of Enterobacterales from 27 countries in Latin America, Eurasia, Africa/Middle East, and Asia with a focus on the investigational combination aztreonam–avibactam against metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by the CLSI b roth microdilution methodology. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were interpreted using the CLSI (2022) breakpoints for all agents except aztreonam–avibactam (provisional pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic susceptible breakpoint, ≤ 8 mg/L) and tigecycline (US-FDA). Molecular testing fo r β-lactamase genes was performed on isolates with meropenem MICs ≥ 2 mg/L, ceftazidime–avibactam MICs ≥ 16 mg/L, and/or aztreonam–avibactam MICs ≥ 16 mg/L, and 50% of isolates ofEscherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae,Klebsiella oxytoca,Klebsiella variicola, andProteus mirabilis testing with ceftazidime and/or aztreonam MICs  ≥ 2 mg/L. Aztreonam–avibactam inhibited 99.8% of all Enterobacterales at ≤ 8 mg/L (MIC90, 0.25  mg/L) and maintained activity against phenotypically resistant subsets of multidrug-resistant (MDR) (99.5% susceptible), extensively drug-resistant (XDR) (98.7%), and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) (99.1%) isolates. At ≤ 8 mg/L, aztreonam–avibactam inhibited 100%, 99.6%, 99.6 %, and 98.8% of KPC-, OXA-4...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research