Association between Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease among US adults: Mediation analysis of body mass index and waist circumference in the NHANES

Food Chem Toxicol. 2023 Jul 26:113968. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2023.113968. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDi-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is the most commonly used plasticizer and is ubiquitous in the environment and food. As a result, diet is the most significant source of exposure to DEHP in the general population. However, there is little research about the impact of DEHP on the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or significant fibrosis in human beings. A cross-sectional analysis was performed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2017-2018 data. Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and median liver stiffness measurement (LSM) were acquired by vibration-controlled transient elastography for diagnosis of NAFLD and significant fibrosis. The concentration of DEHP (∑DEHP) was calculated by each metabolite and split into quartiles for analysis. Results of logistic regression models showed that the risk of NAFLD was increased in those with higher concentration of urinary DEHP [ΣDEHP (OR = 1.22, 95%CI = 1.09-1.36)]. However, no significant association was found between urinary DEHP and significant fibrosis in the fully adjusted model. Mediation analyses suggested that the total effect of urinary DEHP on NAFLD risk mediated by BMI was 46.28% and by WC was 65.89%.PMID:37506862 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113968
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research