Evolutionary trajectories of beta-lactamase NDM and DLST cluster in < em > Pseudomonas aeruginosa < /em > : finding the putative ancestor

Pathog Glob Health. 2023 Jul 18:1-12. doi: 10.1080/20477724.2023.2236416. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPseudomonas aeruginosa has different antibiotic resistance pathways, such as broad-spectrum lactamases and metallo-β-lactamases (MBL), penicillin-binding protein (PBP) alteration, and active efflux pumps. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing methods were applied for double-locus sequence typing (DLST) and New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) typing. We deduced the evolutionary pathways for DLST and NDM genes of P. aeruginosa using phylogenetic network. Among the analyzed isolates, 62.50% of the P. aeruginosa isolates were phenotypically carbapenem resistance (CARBR) isolates. Characterization of isolates revealed that the prevalence of blaNDM, blaVIM, blaIMP, undetermined carbapenemase, and MexAB-OprM were 27.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 12.5%, and 15%, respectively. The three largest clusters found were DLST t20-105, DLST t32-39, and DLST t32-52. The network phylogenic tree revealed that DLST t26-46 was a hypothetical ancestor for other DLSTs, and NDM-1 was as a hypothetical ancestor for NDMs. The combination of the NDM and DLST phylogenic trees revealed that DLST t32-39 and DLST tN2-N3 with NDM-4 potentially derived from DLST t26-46 along with NDM-1. Similarly, DLST t5-91 with NDM-5 diversified from DLST tN2-N3 with NDM-4. This is the first study in which DLST and NDM evolutionary routes were performed to investigate the origin of P. aeruginosa isolates. Our study showed that...
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research