Mitophagy contributes to zinc-induced ferroptosis in porcine testis cells

In this study, a total of 60 male weaned pigs were randomly divided into three groups and the content of Zn were 75 mg/kg (control), 750 mg/kg (Zn-I), 1500 mg/kg (Zn-II). Meanwhile, testicular cells were treated with ZnSO4 (0, 50 and 100 μM), and in combination of ZnSO4 (100 μM) and ferrostation-1, ML-210, or 3-methyladenine for 24 h. Our results verified that Zn could cause ferroptosis and lipid peroxidation, which were characterized by down-regulating level of SLC7A11, GPX4, and ferritin, and up-regulating levels of MDA, CD71, TF, and HMGB1 by Western blot, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, peroxidase assay, The opposite effect was shown after treatment with ferrostation-1 or ML-210. Meanwhile, the mitophagy-related proteins (PINK, Parkin, ATG5, LC3-II/LC3-I) were significantly upregulated in vivo and in vitro. Most importantly, 3-methyladenine observably relieved ferroptosis under Zn treatment through inhibiting mitophagy. Collectively, we demonstrated that mitophagy contributes to Zn-induced ferroptosis in porcine testis cells, providing a new insight into Zn toxicology.PMID:37481227 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113950
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research