Lung cancer therapy is 'milestone'

A lung cancer therapy can more than double life expectancy in some patients, a major trial shows.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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SummaryNon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment was booming at this year ’s ASCO 2018 meeting as several well-performed phase III trials with practice-changing potential were presented. Thereby immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) consolidated its major role in the treatment of NSCLC patients without genetic alterations and extended its use by showing impressive data on I CB combination therapies (mainly combined with chemotherapy). Furthermore the role of predictive biomarkers for ICB therapy (Programmed death-ligand 1 [PD-L1] expression, tumor mutational burden [TMB] testing and others) have been further ...
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we successfully incorporated a hydrophobic drug, bortezomib (Bor), into folic acid (FA)-conjugated Cs/Chs self-assembled NPs (Bor/Cs/Chs-FA) for colorectal cancer therapy. The particle size and polydispersity index of Bor/Cs/Chs-FA were ∼196.5 ± 1.2 nm and ∼0.21 ± 0.5, respectively. A pH-dependent release profile was observed, facilitating cancer cell-targeted drug release under an acidic tumor microenvironment. Moreover, in vitro data revealed enhanced cellular uptake and apoptosis in folate receptor-expressing colorectal cancer cells (HCT-116 and HT-29) as compared to that in lung can...
Source: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare tumor principally due to past exposure to asbestos, a carcinogenic natural mineral fiber that induces genomic and genetic alterations [1]. Lack of curative treatment due to resistance to anti-cancer therapies combined with tumor aggressiveness accounts for the poor prognosis associated to MPM. Despite the significant advances in oncotherapy, MPM is still a challenging cancer to treat [2].
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Development of T-cell based immunotherapies for the treatment of various cancers has been challenged for decades by the lack of target antigens that are only expressed by cancer cells and not normal tissues. KK-LC-1 belongs to a family of tumor antigens known as cancer-testis antigens, which have restricted expression in immune-privileged germ cells and various cancers, and not in normal life-essential tissues. This makes KK-LC-1 an attractive target for T-cell based anti-cancer therapies.Inventors from the National Cancer Institute ’sExperimental Transplantation and Immunology Branch (NCI ETIB) have discovered two n...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
The number of elderly people with advanced lung cancer is increasing globally owing to the aging population and advances in cancer therapy [1]. More than 50% of patients diagnosed with lung cancer are aged>65 years, which is the lower limit for defining “elderly” in epidemiologic researches [2]. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of all cases of lung cancer among both the elderly [3] and the adults. Although platinum-combination regimens including newer agents are the standard first-line chemotherapy for most patients with adva nced NSCLC, their use in elderly patients remains controversial [4].
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Hideki Ujiie, Lili Ding, Rong Fan, Tatsuya Kato, Daiyoon Lee, Kosuke Fujino, Tomonari Kinoshita, Chang Young Lee, Thomas K. Waddell, Shaf Keshavjee, Brian C. Wilson, Gang Zheng, Juan Chen, Kazuhiro YasufukuAbstractBackgroundWe have developed ultra-small porphyrin-lipoprotein nanoparticles (
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: We have developed ultra-small porphyrin-lipoprotein nanoparticles (
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case series represents the first description of potential skeletal adverse effects related to immune checkpoint inhibitors. These findings are important for providers caring for patients who experience musculoskeletal symptoms and may merit additional evaluation.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2018Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 552, Issues 1–2Author(s): Tao Cui, Xiaohong Li, Yaqian Shu, Xianzhou Huang, Yan Wang, Wenli ZhangAbstractIn the present study, we have developed the robust nanoparticles (MGC-GNP/PTX), which are TAMs and tumor cells-dual recognizable, for targeting cancer therapy. Of great importance, the developed nano-platforms are glutathione (GSH)-activable, which means it remains structure intact under normal physiological condition and can be disrupted when exposed to certain concentration of GSH. As demonstrated by the drug release assay in...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 October 2018Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Pan Jiang, Hai Xu, Chuyue Xu, Aochang Chen, Lijun Chen, Ming Zhou, Ijaz ul Haq, Xiaoyue Wu, Zahula Mariyam, Qing FengAbstractLong non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified to exert crucial roles in tumorigenesis and can serve as novel biomarkers for cancer therapy including lung cancer. Cisplatin is a first-line chemotherapeutic agent in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the therapeutic effect is unsatisfactory, partly due to drug resistance. Emerging evidence showed that chemo-resistance is associated with acquisi...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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