Exploring the binding mechanism and adverse toxic effects of degradation metabolites of pyrethroid insecticides to human serum albumin: Multi-spectroscopy, calorimetric and molecular docking approaches

In this study, the binding interaction mechanisms between human serum albumin (HSA) and the main degradation metabolites of PIs, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) and 4-fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4-F-3-PBA), were studied by theoretical simulation and experimental verification. Steady state fluorescence spectra showed that the fluorescence quenching mechanism was static. According to the binding constant, 4-F-3-PBA (1.53 × 105 L mol-1) was bound more strongly to HSA than 3-PBA (1.42 × 105 L mol-1) in subdomain ⅡA (site I). It was found by isothermal titration calorimetry that the metabolites and HSA spontaneously combined mainly through hydrogen bond and van der Waals interaction. Ultraviolet absorption spectra and circular dichroism spectra showed that the metabolites caused slight changes in the microenvironment and conformation of HSA. The above results were proved by molecular docking. The toxicity properties of the metabolites were further analyzed by software, and 4-F-3-PBA was found to be more toxic than 3-PBA. Considering the high exposure level of these metabolites in food, the environment and human body, it is necessary to further explore the toxicity of PIs metabolites.PMID:37479174 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113951
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research