Safety concerns regarding impurities in L-Tryptophan associated with eosinophilia myalgia syndrome

Food Chem Toxicol. 2023 Jul 13:113946. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2023.113946. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTL-tryptophan is one of the essential amino acids in humans and across the animal kingdom. It has been widely used as a feed additive for domestic animals and is also administered through dietary supplements in humans. Safety concerns have been raised however since a disease known as eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) was reported to be related to L-tryptophan supplements. EMS is a rare condition characterized by inflammation in various organ systems including the muscles, skin, and lungs. Through several studies, it has been speculated that the six components generated during the process of L-tryptophan synthesis are related to the induction of EMS. In this review, we discuss the history of EMS and its controversial correlation with L-tryptophan use reported in several studies. Many in vitro and in vivo studies have been conducted to assess the putative correlation between impurities in L-tryptophan preparations and EMS, but no clear and convincing conclusions have been drawn so far.PMID:37453474 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113946
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research