Two innovations grants awarded to RI-MUHC research leaders

(McGill University Health Centre) The Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) is pleased to announce that Dr. Morag Park and Dr. Alain Ptito, both RI-MUHC members, have been awarded major grants to advance their innovative work in the areas of cancer therapy and brain injuries respectively. These research grants were part of a national investment of $333 million for research infrastructure through the Canada Foundation for Innovation.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news

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Authors: Habban Akhter M, Sateesh Madhav N, Ahmad J Abstract The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a cell surface receptor belonging to erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homologue (ErbB) family of tyrosine kinase. It plays critical role in the regulation of cell proliferation, survival and differentiation. The EGFR receptor is crucial in a variety of tumor development due to unlikely triggered by receptor overexpression, chromosomal mutation and or ligand-dependent receptor dimerization. The EGFR inhibition established a major therapeutic target in cancer therapy. The signal transduction pathway of EG...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Authors: Sun S, Du G, Xue J, Ma J, Ge M, Wang H, Tian J Abstract Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which is highly expressed in human glioblastoma and involved in tumor immune escape and resistance to chemotherapy, is clinically correlated with tumor progression and poor clinical outcomes, and is a promising therapeutic target for glioblastoma. IDO inhibitors are marginally efficacious as single-agents; therefore, combination with other therapies holds promise for cancer therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects and mechanisms of the IDO inhibitor PCC0208009 in combination with temoz...
Source: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol Source Type: research
ConclusionWe report the clinical and genomic landscape of a patient with MPTs who had no identifiable unique somatic or germline mutations to explain her predilection to cancer. The treatment course and overall prognosis for this patient is important for understanding future cases with unrelated, metachronous MPTs, the occurrence of which cannot always be explained by underlying genetic mechanisms.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we investigate mitochondrial energetics and mtDNA methylation in senescent cells, and evaluate the potential of humanin and MOTS-c as novel senolytics or SASP modulators that can alleviate symptoms of frailty and extend health span by targeting mitochondrial bioenergetics. Exercise versus the Hallmarks of Aging https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/06/exercise-versus-the-hallmarks-of-aging/ The paper I'll point out today walks through the ways in which exercise is known to beneficially affect the Hallmarks of Aging. The Hallmarks are a list of the significant causes of aging that I dis...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Transcription factor MYB is essential for the tumorigenesis of multiple cancers, especially leukemia, breast cancer, colon cancer, adenoid cystic carcinoma and brain cancer. Thus, MYB has been regarded as an attractive target for tumor therapy. However, pioneer studies of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against MYB, which were launched three decades ago in leukemia therapy, were discontinued because of their unsatisfactory clinical outcomes. In recent years, the roles of MYB in tumor transformation have become increasingly clear. Moreover, the regulatory mechanisms of MYB, such as the vital effects of MYB co-regulators on ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewAs cancer survivor rates improve with early screening and modern treatment options, cardiotoxicity is becoming an increasing problem. It is imperative for physicians to recognize adverse events early so that appropriate measures can be taken before advanced and permanent cardiac dysfunction ensues. In this review, we will evaluate the literature surrounding current cardiac biomarkers in the detection of cardiotoxicity during cancer treatment as well as discuss the role of emerging novel biomarkers.Recent findingsTroponin and brain natriuretic peptides show promise in the detection of subclinical ca...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Yamamoto Y, Sasaki N, Kumagai K, Takeuchi S, Toyooka T, Otani N, Wada K, Narita Y, Ichimura K, Namba H, Mori K, Tomiyama A Abstract Glioblastoma (GBM) still carries a poor prognosis due to the refractoriness against antitumor drugs. Temozolomide (TMZ), one of the few standard therapy drugs against GBM worldwide, has only limited effect due to acquired TMZ resistance of GBM. Therefore, development of novel therapeutic methods to overcome the TMZ resistance of GBM is urgent. The brain is the most cholesterol-rich organ in the human body, so modulation of cholesterol in tumor cells originating from the brain ...
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
This issue of Neurologic Clinics is devoted to nervous system tumors as well as neurologic complications of cancer and cancer therapy. Since the last issue devoted to neuro-oncology 10 years ago, increased understanding of the molecular underpinnings of primary brain tumors has led to the addition of molecular parameters for the first time to the WHO classification of central nervous system tumors. Therefore, the first half of this issue focuses on the molecular pathogenesis of gliomas, the reasoning behind the recent changes in WHO classification, and their implications for management of adult and pediatric brain tumors.
Source: Neurologic Clinics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
Abstract Subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in childhood cancer survivors cause substantial morbidity and mortality. This review summarizes recent literature on SMN epidemiology, risk factors, surveillance, and interventions. Survivors of childhood cancer experience long-term increased SMN risk compared with the general population, with a greater than twofold increased solid tumor risk extending beyond age 40 years. There is a dose-dependent increased risk for solid tumors after radiotherapy, with the highest risks for tumors occurring in or near the treatment field (eg, greater than fivefold increased risk for...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Oncol Source Type: research
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