Aspirin ameliorates the neurotoxicity of benzo[a]pyrene in mice and HT22  cells: Possible role of miRNA-mRNA network

This study explored the miRNA-mRNA network in the B[a]P-induced neurotoxicity in mice and HT22 cells and the intervention of aspirin (ASP). HT22 cells were treated for 48 h with DMSO, B[a]P (20 μM), or both B[a]P (20 μM) and ASP (4 μM). Following B[a]P treatment, compared to the DMSO controls, HT22 cells showed injured cell morphology, reduced cell viability and neurotrophic factor concentrations, and increased LDH leakage, Aβ1-42, and inflammatory factor concentrations, which were improved by ASP. RNA sequencing and qPCR verified the significant differences of miRNA and mRNA profiles following B[a]P treatment, which were rescued by ASP. Bioinformatics analysis suggested the miRNA-mRNA network could be involved in the neurotoxicity of B[a]P and the intervention of ASP. The neurotoxicity and neuroinflammation were induced in mice's brains by B[a]P, and the target miRNA and mRNA were proved to be consistent with in vitro, which were ameliorated by ASP. The findings demonstrate a possible role of miRNA-mRNA network in the B[a]P-induced neurotoxicity. If this is confirmed by additional experiments, it will provide a promising pathway of intervention against B[a]P, using ASP or other agents with fewer toxic effects.PMID:37364758 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113919
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research