Cannabis arteritis presenting with Raynaud ’s and digital ulcerations: a case-based review of a controversial thromboangiitis obliterans-like condition

AbstractThromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), or Buerger ’s disease, is a non-atherosclerotic inflammatory disease of the small and medium-sized arteries, veins, and nerves of the legs and arms, strongly associated with the use of tobacco products in young adults. Cannabis arteritis (CA), an entity with similar clinical and pathological features, has be en described in marijuana users as a subtype of TAO. Distinction between TAO and CA is challenging, given that most patients use tobacco and marijuana products concomitantly. Herein, we report the case of a male in his late forties who was referred to rheumatology with a 2-month history of hand swel ling and bilateral painful digital ulcers with blue discoloration on his fingers and toes. The patient reported daily use of marijuana in blunt wraps and denied tobacco use. His laboratory work-up was negative for scleroderma and other connective tissue diseases. His angiogram confirmed the diagnosi s of thromboangiitis obliterans, which was attributed to cannabis arteritis. The patient was started on aspirin and nifedipine daily and discontinued marijuana use. His symptoms resolved within 6 months and have not recurred for more than a year with continued avoidance of marijuana. Our case is one of the few that features primarily marijuana-driven CA and highlights the importance of not only considering marijuana use but also blunt wrap use in patients presenting with Raynaud’s phenomenon and ulcerations as cannabis use rises globall...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research