Effect of Combined Grape Seed Extract and L-Citrulline Supplementation on Hemodynamic Responses to Exercise in Young Males

J Diet Suppl. 2023;20(4):531-542. doi: 10.1080/19390211.2021.2023246. Epub 2022 Jan 4.ABSTRACTGrape seed extract (GSE) or L-citrulline supplement has been known to increase nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and enhance endothelial-mediated vasodilation. Accordingly, to examine the additive benefits of combination of the two supplementations on hemodynamic responses to dynamic exercise, young, healthy males were recruited for this study. Effects of 7 days of 1) GSE + L-citrulline, 2) GSE, 3) L-citrulline, and 4) placebo supplementation on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), cardiac output, total vascular conductance (TVC), and oxygen (O2) consumption were examined at rest and during cycling exercise. Compared with placebo, GSE, L-citrulline, and combined supplementations did not reduce SBP, DBP, and MAP, while cardiac output (placebo; 23.6 ± 1.3 L/min, GSE; 25.7 ± 1.1 L/min; L-citrulline, 25.2 ± 1.2 L/min; GSE + L-citrulline; 25.3 ± 0.9 L/min) and TVC (placebo; 234.7 ± 11.3 ml/min/mmHg, GSE; 258.3 ± 10.6 ml/min/mmHg; L-citrulline, 255.2 ± 10.6 ml/min/mmHg; GSE + L-citrulline; 260.4 ± 8.9 ml/min/mmHg) were increased at only the 80% workload (p < 0.05). Compared with placebo and L-citrulline, GSE and combined supplementations had a reduction in VO2 across workloads (p < 0.05). However, there was no additive benefits on these variables. We conclude that supplementation with GSE, L-citrulline, and combine...
Source: Journal of Dietary Supplements - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research