Low Albumin Levels, More Than Morbid Obesity, Are Associated With Complications After TKA.
Low Albumin Levels, More Than Morbid Obesity, Are Associated With Complications After TKA. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 May 21; Authors: Nelson CL, Elkassabany NM, Kamath AF, Liu J Abstract BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity and malnutrition are thought to be associated with more frequent perioperative complications after TKA. However, morbid obesity and malnutrition often are co-occurring conditions. Therefore it is important to understand whether morbid obesity, malnutrition, or both are independently associated with more frequent perioperative complications. In addition, assessing the magnitude of an increase in complications and whether these complications are major or minor is important for both conditions. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Is morbid obesity independently associated with more frequent major perioperative complications after TKA? (2) Are major perioperative complications after TKA more prevalent among patients with a low serum albumin? METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was analyzed from 2006 to 2013. Patients were grouped as morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) or nonmorbidly obese (BMI ≥ 18.5 kg/m(2) to
Pneumonia is the most common cause of hospitalization for nursing home residents. When deciding whether to treat a resident in the nursing home or transfer to a hospital, it is important to consider risks of hospitalization, including significant functional decline. Little is known about the functional status outcomes of nursing home residents hospitalized for pneumonia.
Background Streptococcus pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in adults who are immunocompromised and of advanced age. It is the standard of care to vaccinate all high-risk adults (18-64 years) and adults 65 years and older with 2 pneumococcal vaccines. However, pneumococcal immunization rates remain below the HealthyPeople2020 target goal of 90% nationally and locally.
Pneumonia is one of the most common infections identified in nursing home residents and has the highest mortality rate, yet the diagnosis and appropriate treatment can remain elusive due to its “atypical presentation” and lack of studies of antibiotic treatment.
Authors: Lee YM, Park SH, Lee DH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to propose a new hypothesis for the role of lipophilic chemical mixtures stored in adipose tissue in the development of dementia. Specifically, we present how the dynamics of these chemicals can explain the unexpected findings from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) study, which failed to show long-term benefits of intentional weight loss on cognition, despite substantial improvements in many known risk factors for dementia. Moreover, we discuss how the role of obesity in the risk of dementia can change depending on the dynami...
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Evaluation and Program PlanningAuthor(s): Tanis J. Walch, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Bronwyn S. Fees, David A. Dzewaltowski
Nurses to carry out surgery under NHS plans to slash waiting times Nurses will be trained to perform surgery under new NHS measures to cut waiting times. www.telegraph.co.uk I sure hope this doesn't happen here in the U.S.
Authors: Medeiros MC, Rocha N, Bandeira E, Dantas I, Chaves C, Oliveira M, Bandeira F Abstract Sclerostin (Scl) is an osteoblast-inhibiting glycoprotein that is secreted mainly by osteocytes and is regulated by hormonal changes and skeletal loading. Decreased physical function and high serum Scl concentrations have been reported in chronic renal failure patients but little is known to date about the differences between diabetic and non-diabetic patients on hemodialysis who are susceptible to both sarcopenia and bone fragility. Objective.To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with serum Scl co...