The importance of immunophenotyping by flow cytometry in distinction between hematogones and B lymphoblasts

This article presents information about the morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics of B lymphoid precursors and verifies the relevance of immunophenotyping by flow cytometry (FC) in the distinction between those cells. This differentiation is essential to establish a correct prognosis and assist in medical decision about the most appropriate therapeutic scheme.As hematogônias são precursores normais de linhagem linfoide B da medula óssea. Os linfoblastos B representam células imaturas neoplásicas presentes em pacientes portadores de leucemia linfoblástica aguda de células precursoras B (LLA-B). As hematogônias e os linfoblastos B apresentam características comuns, como a semelhança morfológica muitas vezes indistinguível e a expressão dos mesmos antígenos na análise imunofenotípica. O aumento de hematogônias em pacientes de LLA-B durante a regeneração da medula após o tratamento para leucemia, em casos de recaída da doença ou transplante medular, pode ser objeto de questionamentos quanto à natureza e ao prognóstico desta célula imatura. Este artigo apresenta informações sobre as características morfológicas e imunofenotípicas dos precursores linfoides B e verifica a relevância da imunofenotipagem por citometria de fluxo na distinção entre es...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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We describe three clinical scenarios in which CAR T- cell immunotherapy interfered with HIV-1 testing including: (1) routine infectious disease screening prior to stem cell transplantation in a 16-year-old female with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, status post CAR T- cell treatment (2) routine infectious disease screening prior to 2nd CAR T- cell collection in a 65-year-old male with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who failed initial CAR T- cell treatment and (3) routine infectious risk assessment following an occupational health exposure from a 58 -year-old male with multiple myeloma, status post CAR T- cell treatment...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Microbiol Source Type: research
Blinatumomab is effective for achieving good quality CR and bridging to allo ‐HCT for adult patients with R/R Ph‐negative BCP‐ALL in first salvage. The role of blinatumomab in relapsed patients with short CR duration, extramedullary disease, and high tumor burden should be cautiously considered due to poor response. AbstractIn adult patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) Philadelphia chromosome ‐negative (Ph‐negative) B‐cell presursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP‐ALL), complete remission (CR) and overall survival (OS) rates are poor. We analyzed treatment outcomes and prognostic factors for 32 adult ...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
We prospectively analyzed outcomes of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using αβ+ T-cell receptor/CD19+ depleted grafts. Sixty-three transplantations were performed in 60 patients. Twenty-eight patients were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 27 patients were diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia, and in eight other hematological malignancies were diagnosed. Twenty-three were in first complete remission (CR), 20 in second CR, 20 beyond second CR. Four patients developed graft failure. Median time to neutrophil and platelet recovery was 14 (range 9–25) and 10 days (r...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Shimazaki S, Kazukawa I, Mori K, Kihara M, Minagawa M Abstract We retrospectively analyzed endocrine late effects in 81 childhood cancer survivor (CCS) patients who had been referred to our endocrinology department in Chiba Children's Hospital between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016. Among 69 eligible patients (33 male, 36 female), endocrine late effects were identified in 56 patients (81.1%). The median age at the last visit to our endocrinology department was 17.4 years (range: 7.1-35.3 years). The most common primary cancer was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (22 patients, 31.8%). Forty-four patients...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
In conclusion, Asian patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell ALL experienced improved efficacy with InO versus SoC, with an efficacy and safety profile consistent with results of the overall INO-VATE population.Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01564784. PMID: 31655984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research
We report the outcome of 18 pediatric patients after failure of HSCT2. The 2-year overall survival was 26% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6-47). The lymphoid malignancies were associated with better survival (40% [95% CI, 12-68]) than myeloid malignancies (0%, P=0.002), together with time to relapse after the HSCT2 (≥5 mo: 44% [95% CI, 12-76] vs. 0% for patients who relapsed within 5 mo from HSCT2, P=0.005), other factors such as sex, donor type, conditioning regimen, and graft versus host disease prophylaxis did not have statistical significance. When the multivariate analysis was carried out, 2 independe...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Online Articles: Original Articles Source Type: research
Assessment of measurable residual disease (MRD) is rapidly transforming the therapeutic and prognostic landscape of a wide range of hematological malignancies. Its prognostic value in acute lymphoblastic leuke...
Source: Journal of Hematology and Oncology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved two commercially available chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies for the treatment of relapsed B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) children and young adults less than 25  years of age and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adults after promising results from early-phase single and multi-institutional clinical trials. In this review, we provide an overview of the practical aspects of a chimeric antigen T cell receptor (CAR-T) program development and the steps necessary for its successful implementation.Recent FindingsCAR-T therapy is a ...
Source: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical HaematologyAuthor(s): Mathew L. Cooper, John F. DiPersioAbstractAt present, the only curative therapy for patients with T-cell malignancies is allogeneic stem cell transplant, which has associated risks and toxicities. Novel agents have been tried in relapsed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), but only one, with 20%-30% complete remission rates, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. T-ALL is a heterogeneous disease, but it has universal overexpression of CD7 as well as several other T-cell markers, s...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Haematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Leukemia, Published online: 18 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41375-019-0610-xHLA-matched and HLA-haploidentical allogeneic CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor T-cell infusions are feasible in relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Source: Leukemia - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
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