Severe traumatic head injury.

[Severe traumatic head injury]. Anaesthesist. 2015 May 20; Authors: Jantzen JP PMID: 25991055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research

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Several lines of evidences show that anesthetics influence neurotoxicity and neuroprotection. The possibility that different anesthetic agents potentially influence the pathophysiological and functional outcome following neurotrauma was examined in a rat m...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: 2019Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 146Author(s): Hari Shanker Sharma, Dafin Fior Muresanu, Ala Nozari, Rudy J. Castellani, Prasanta Kumar Dey, Lars Wiklund, Aruna SharmaAbstractSeveral lines of evidences show that anesthetics influence neurotoxicity and neuroprotection. The possibility that different anesthetic agents potentially influence the pathophysiological and functional outcome following neurotrauma was examined in a rat model of concussive head injury (CHI). The CHI was produced by an impact of 0.224 N on the right parietal bone by dropping a weight of 114.6 g from ...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 July 2019Source: International Review of NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Hari S. Sharma, Dafin F. Muresanu, Ala Nozari, Rudy J. Castellani, Prasanta K. Dey, Lars Wiklund, Aruna SharmaAbstractSeveral lines of evidences show that anesthetics influence neurotoxicity and neuroprotection. The possibility that different anesthetic agents potentially influence the pathophysiological and functional outcome following neurotrauma was examined in a rat model of concussive head injury (CHI). The CHI was produced by an impact of 0.224 N on the right parietal bone by dropping a weight of 114.6 g fro...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Fernando Zanela Areas1,2, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold1,2,3,4, Alexandre Paim Diaz1,4, Igor Kunze Rodrigues3,5,6, Daniel Santos Sousa3,7, Camila Leite Ferreira8, João Quevedo8,9, Katia Lin1,3,10, Emil Kupek3,11, Cristiane Ritter12,13, Felipe Dal Pizzol3,12,13 and Roger Walz1,2,3,10* 1Centro de Neurociências Aplicadas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Hospital Universitário, Florianópolis, Brazil 2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, UFSC, Florianópolis, Brazil 3Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We report a case of a 13-year-old girl with HGPS who presented with an extradural haematoma following head injury. A conservative approach was successfully employed in this case, avoiding the risks of general anaesthesia and surgery.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in systemic changes in coagulation and inflammation that contribute to post-traumatic morbidity and mortality. The potential interaction of platelets and pro-inflammatory cytokines in the modulation of coagulation, microthrombosis, and venous thromboembolic events after moderate TBI has not been determined. Using a murine model, we hypothesized that the degree of platelet-induced coagulation varies depending on the platelet aggregation agonist platelet-induced coagulation changes in a time-dependent manner following TBI, and changes in platelet-induced coagulation are mirrored by change...
Source: Shock - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Basic Science Aspects Source Type: research
Conclusions Ketamine alters hippocampal cell proliferation after traumatic brain injury. Surprisingly, these changes were associated with improvement in a neurogenesis-related behavioral recall task, suggesting a possible benefit from ketamine administration after traumatic brain injury in mice. Future studies are needed to determine generalizability and mechanism.
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Discussion Oropharyngeal trauma is common and ranges from minor contusions to severe trauma of the head and neck. Sudden movement while having a foreign object in the mouth is a very common scenario with falls or collisions being common mechanisms. Common objects include toys, sticks, pens/pencils, chopsticks, toothbrushes, and popsicle sticks. Many of these injuries cause minimal problems such as a contusion to lips (i.e. “fat lip”). In general, the more anterior the location the more common the injury and the less likely to have a severe injury (i.e. lips). Whereas posterior structures are more protected, bu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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