Insulin Resistance and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women: A Cohort Study From the Women's Health Initiative Original Articles

Conclusions— Measures of insulin resistance were no longer associated with CVD risk after adjustment for high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and did not provide independent prognostic information in postmenopausal women without diabetes mellitus. Clinical Trial Registration Information— URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00000611.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Health policy and outcome research, Risk Factors, Acute myocardial infarction, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Epidemiology Original Articles Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical AnalysisAuthor(s): Max Sauter, Philipp Uhl, Jürgen Burhenne, Walter E. HaefeliAbstractExenatide is the first approved glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist subcutaneously or intramuscularly injected for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Typical therapeutic plasma concentrations are in the low pg/mL range therefore requiring ultra-sensitive quantification. To enable the accurate evaluation of pharmacokinetic studies, we established a UPLC-MS/MS assay with a lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 5 pg/mL (1.2 pM) using 20...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Taken together, these results suggest that SXD maybe alleviate EMT in DN via the inhibition of the TGF-β1/Smad/RUNX3 signaling pathway under hyperglycemic conditions.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jennifer Grau-Sánchez, Thomas F. Münte, Eckart Altenmüller, Esther Duarte, Antoni Rodríguez-FornellsAbstractMusic-based interventions have emerged as a promising tool in stroke motor rehabilitation as they integrate most of the principles of motor training and multimodal stimulation. This paper aims to review the use of music in the rehabilitation of upper extremity motor function after stroke. First, we review the evidence supporting current music-based interventions including Music-supporte...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: NeurocomputingAuthor(s): Xuchu Wang, Suiqiang Zhai, Yanmin NiuAbstractAccurate left ventricle landmark localization in cardiac MRI plays a vital role in computer-aided diagnosis of heart disease. Typical classification models hardly deal with artifacts and low discrimination of landmark regions by using only local image information, while regression models suffer from ambiguity between random samples and label, also the imbalance of samples. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a left ventricle landmark localization and identification method in cardiac ...
Source: Neurocomputing - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Di Lullo L, Bellasi A, Guastamacchia E, Triggiani V, Ronco C, Lavalle C, Di Iorio BR, Russo D, Cianciolo G, La Manna G, Settembrini S Abstract Diabetes mellitus, with its complications, is one of the major health problems in economically developed countries and its prevalence is constantly increasing. Kidneys and heart involvement represent main comorbidities in diabetic patients often leading to organ's failure. The treatments available until a few years ago are often associated with hypoglycemia, weight gain, gastro-intestinal disorders and other side effects together with serious averse effects on renal...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Authors: De Vecchis R, Paccone A, Di Maio M Abstract BACKGROUND: The MacNew questionnaire in its original version is a diagnostic tool which consists of a number of questions answered on a seven-point scale. Among the multiple possible choices, each marked by a box, the examined patient will have to tick only one. In fact, more than one answer for each proposed question is not allowed, for the formulation of the final score. Global and subscale( physical, social and emotional subscales) scores are computed by dividing the sum of the scores achieved for each individual item by the number of items listed in the quest...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Not all interventional procedures result in a mortality benefit. Medical therapy alone increases survival in many cardiac diseases. PMID: 32083425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of mitral apparatus in acute phase of MI can be most useful to determine the change of the degree of MR long-term post MI. Although LV remodelling itself contributes to IMR, this influence is directly dependent on alterations in mitral geometry. PMID: 32083424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology JournalAuthor(s): Abhijit Dasgupta, Gautam K. Bandyopadhyay, Indrani Ray, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya Chowdhury, Rajat K. De, Sushil K. MahataAbstractObesity is characterized by a state of chronic, unresolved inflammation in insulin-targeted tissues. Obesity-induced inflammation causes accumulation of proinflammatory macrophages in adipose tissue and liver. Proinflammatory cytokines released from tissue macrophages inhibits insulin sensitivity. Obesity also leads to inflammation-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress a...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 May 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1208Author(s): M.S. Ganesan, K. Kanmani Raja, K. Narasimhan, S. Murugesan, Banoth Karan KumarAbstractα-amylase enzyme hydrolyses carbohydrate into glucose is known to be an important molecular target for type 2 Diabetes mellitus. In the course of developing α-amylase enzyme inhibitors, we designed, synthesized seventeen novel quinoline bearing proline analogs, subsequently physico-chemical properties of designed analogs were also in silico predicted for their drug likeness evaluation. Synthesized compounds were characterized by spectral...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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