Anemia Is a Risk Factor of New Intraoperative Hemorrhagic Stroke During Valve Surgery for Endocarditis

Conclusions Intraoperative hemorrhagic stroke was not rare, and ectopic hemorrhagic stroke, associated with preoperative anemia, was more prevalent than hemorrhagic transformation of existing cerebral lesions.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionThis case represents a critical vascular injury from an unexpected mechanism. Inferior glenohumeral dislocations, regardless of injury mechanism, should raise the index of suspicion for vascular involvement. Endovascular repair in our patient was life-saving given her advanced age, acute blood loss anemia, rarity and severity of her injuries and multiple medical comorbidities.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Philippe Bercier, Marcelo Gottschalk, Daniel GrenierAbstractStreptococcus suis is a bacterial pathogen that mainly colonizes the upper respiratory tract of pigs. It is known to cause severe infections such as septicemia, meningitis, arthritis, and endocarditis in pigs and to be responsible for major economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. To better understand the interactions between S. suis and the porcine respiratory epithelium, we investigated the ability of this pathogen to cause damage to the tracheal epithelial barrier...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Lee YH, Jang HW, Park CH, An SM, Lee EK, Choi BM, Noh GJ Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of intraoperative fluid therapy is to avoid both hypovolemia and hypervolemia; however, the patient's exact volume status is difficult to determine during surgery. Fluid optimization guided by stroke volume variation (SVV) has been widely used in patients undergoing major open abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in plasma volume before and after surgery following SVV-guided fluid therapy. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated into one of two groups according to the SVV criteria for...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
A 59-year-old man with a pacemaker who was admitted for evaluation of fever was found to have a redundant loop of the ventricular lead and a vegetation attached to it. An FDG PET/CT revealed a focus of FDG uptake at the ventricular lead loop. Surgical extraction of the pacemaker device confirmed a Propionibacterium acnes pacemaker endocarditis. We hypothesize that the redundant loop of the ventricular lead induced a chronic mechanical stress both to the tricuspid valve and to the lead itself, facilitating the bacterial colonization of the lead.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
In conclusion, fetal pleural effusion has a close correlation with chromosomal abnormality. CMA may increase the detection rate of chromosomal aberrations, especially for micro-deletion or micro-duplication syndromes. In the South of China, Thalassemia must be considered when a fetal pleural effusion is detected.Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? The aetiology of fetal pleural effusion includes a chromosomal abnormality, a congenital heart disease, congenital infections and a number of genetic syndromes.What do the results of this study add? This is the first retrospective study to analyse the aetiology...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn the largest analysis of transplanted donor hearts with transient LVSD, 1 in 4 had RWMAs on the initial TTE; but this was not associated with adverse post-transplant outcomes. Donor hearts with initial LVSD should be pursued irrespective of TTS-like hypokinesis or other RWMAs.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluate whether thrombocytopenia following CPB is an independent risk factor for post-operative morbidity and mortality.MethodsWe retrospectively evaluated 1,364 patients requiring CPB at University of Colorado Hospital between January 2011 and May 2016. Platelet nadir, absolute change in platelets, and percent change in platelets were modeled as continuous variables. Patients with post-operative thrombocytopenia (defined a nadir
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Adakveo and Oxbryta could be revolutionary treatments, but each costs about $100,000 per year and must be taken for life.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Health Insurance and Managed Care Sickle Cell Anemia Prices (Fares, Fees and Rates) Stroke Clinical Trials Hemoglobin Food and Drug Administration Novartis AG Global Blood Therapeutics Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: During the last century, AADRs among males declined more slowly than among females. Although the gap diminished in recent decades, exploration of social and behavioral factors may inform interventions that could further reduce death rates among males. PMID: 31804898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative hemorrhagic stroke was not rare, and ectopic hemorrhagic stroke, associated with preoperative anemia, was more prevalent than hemorrhagic transformation of existing cerebral lesions. PMID: 25979239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
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