Traumatic brain injury

Clinical introduction An adult patient with arterial hypertension had a witnessed loss of consciousness and a fall from a height of approximately 5 feet with head trauma; the patient was thus referred to the ED in unconscious state. A head CT scan was obtained (figures 1–4). Question Which kind of haemorrhage does the CT show? Subarachnoid haemorrhage Epidural haematoma Subdural haematoma All of the above For answer see page 02 For question see page 01 Answer:D The head CT scan demonstrated the simultaneous presence of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), epidural haematoma (EDH) and subdural haematoma (SDH) (answer D). Non-contrast head CT is the cornerstone for the initial evaluation in patients with head trauma in order to diagnose an intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). Head trauma is the most frequent cause of SAH. In patients...
Source: Emergency Medicine Journal - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: EMJ Image Challenge Source Type: research