Emergence of enterovirus D68 in Denmark, June 2014 to February 2015.

Emergence of enterovirus D68 in Denmark, June 2014 to February 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015;20(17) Authors: Midgley SE, Christiansen CB, Poulsen MW, Hansen CH, Fischer TK PMID: 25955773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Enteropathogen infections were common around the time of rotavirus vaccination in rural Zimbabwean infants but did not explain poor RVV immunogenicity and were not reduced by a package of household-level WASH interventions.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
(University of Jyv ä skyl ä - Jyv ä skyl ä n yliopisto) Enteroviruses can cause severe diseases such as encephalitis or myocarditis, and have been associated with chronic diseases such as type 1 diabetes. In her dissertation at the University of Jyvaskyla M.Sc Mira Laajala focuses on viral and host cell factors that promote the infection of enterovirus B species after cell entry. The research showed that in addition to enteroviral proteases, cellular calpain proteases can cleave the enteroviral polyprotein. The information may possibly be used in antiviral development.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Qi Tang, Siliang Li, Liaoqi Du, Shihua Chen, Jingyi Gao, Yang Cai, Zhichao Xu, Zixuan Zhao, Ke Lan, Shuwen WuAbstractIRES-driven translation plays an essential role in picornavirus infection. However, there are seldom reports of compounds targeting this pathway with effective protection in animal models. Here, we identified emetine, an antiprotozoal drug, which inhibits EV-A71 with an EC50 value of 0.04 μM and a CC50 value of 10 μM in RD cell culture. Interestingly, emetine exhibits activities against a series of human enterov...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Abstract A 6-year-old girl presented with rhabdomyolysis following a febrile illness. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Influenza B and enterovirus was positive. Her serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin levels were very high. She developed myoglobinuria with oliguria leading to acute kidney injury. Continuous renal replacement therapy along with Cytosorb filter resulted in good outcome. PMID: 31729332 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research
Abstract IRES-driven translation plays an essential role in picornavirus infection. However, there are seldom reports of compounds targeting this pathway with effective protection in animal models. Here, we identified emetine, an antiprotozoal drug, which inhibits EV-A71 with an EC50 value of 0.04 μM and a CC50 value of 10 μM in RD cell culture. Interestingly, emetine exhibits activities against a series of human enteroviruses, including CV-A16, CV-B1, EV-D68, Echov-6, etc., at the nanomolar level. When orally administered at 0.20 mg/kg twice a day in an EV-A71 mouse model, emetine reduced viral loads ...
Source: Antiviral Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research
Dear editor, we read with interest the article (Multiplex PCR reveals high prevalence of enterovirus and HHV6 in acellular paediatric cerebrospinal fluid samples) by Lumley et el. published in this journal (1). We would like to share our experience with Enterovirus meningitis without pleocytosis in paediatrics.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
In this study, the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for viral agents were evaluated in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples taken from patients with CNS infection. CSF samples taken from 1185 patients between 2010 and 2017 were tested for the presence of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and 2, Varicella Zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), adenovirus ve enterovirus by PCR in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital. Tests were performed according to the clinicians' orders and results were evaluated retrospectively. The number of tests performed were 1038 for HSV, 882 for adenovirus, 865 for e...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
AbstractMicrobiological diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) infections is challenging due to limited access to CNS samples, overlap between meningitis and encephalitis, and the multiplicity of pathogens potentially involved. We aimed to estimate the impact of a commercial multiplex PCR assay (FilmArray ® meningitis/encephalitis) on the management of patients with suspicion of meningitis or encephalitis, in terms of time to diagnosis, antimicrobial agents use, duration of hospitalization, and costs. This prospective observational study was conducted at Saint Joseph Hospital (Paris, France) from De cember 2016 to D...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Enterovirus 71 (EV71 or EV-A71) was first identified in California about half a century ago. In recent years, outbreaks of EV-A71 were prevalent worldwide, including Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, and Chi...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Abstract Human Cosaviruses (HCoSVs) are relatively newly characterized picornaviruses; they have been described in non-polio acute flaccid paralysis, diarrheal patients, and healthy individuals. Previous studies showed HCoSV circulation in Tunisia and only six genotypes circulating in the country were reported. In the present study, we sequenced 27 complete VP1 genomic region from HCoSV isolates in human feces from healthy individuals and patients with acute flaccid paralysis in Tunisia. Most of the Tunisian sequences belong to species A (78%, 21 out of 27). Three sequences belong to species B, two to species E an...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
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