Social anxiety inhibits needs repair following exclusion in both relational and non-relational reward contexts: The mediating role of positive affect
Behav Res Ther. 2023 Jan 29;162:104270. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2023.104270. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe pain of social exclusion can motivate people to capitalize on opportunities to reconnect with others and repair their self-esteem and feelings of belongingness. This effect is often diminished for those with high social anxiety (HSA). Prior research suggests this may be due to their diminished capacity for recognizing and emotionally responding to relational reward cues. We investigated whether non-relational success experiences in the aftermath of exclusion may be an alternative means of repairing threatened self-esteem and belongingness in HSA individuals. In a preregistered, online study, we threatened belongingness and self-esteem in 422 participants by excluding them in a Cyberball game and then assigned them to one of three conditions: Relational Repair, Non-Relational Repair, or a No-Repair control condition. Results showed that both repair contexts facilitated needs repair relative to the no-repair control condition, and mediation analyses suggested this effect was driven by increased positive affect (PA). HSA individuals were less likely to restore needs regardless of condition and this effect appeared to be driven by low PA. Findings emphasize the critical role of PA for restoring threatened needs in the aftermath of exclusion and suggest that HSA inhibits needs repair processes across both relational and non-relational reward contexts.PMID:36746058 | DOI:10.10...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Taylor Hudd David A Moscovitch Source Type: research
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