Sleep medicine

Purpose of review: To reflect the recent advances in the field of pediatric sleep medicine. The pediatrician will be able to define which children to refer for a sleep study and what to expect from the sleep specialist in 2015. Recent findings: In the first study that compared adeno tonsillectomy (TA) to watchful waiting, TA reduced symptoms and improved children's behavior, quality of life, and polysomnographic results. Anti-inflammatory therapy for mild obstructive sleep apnea was effective and well tolerated according to a double-blind study. A retrospective study showed that it is beneficial for 80% of the patients. TA is associated with a decrease in asthma symptoms and medication utilization. Summary: Pediatricians need to be aware of the clear benefits of tonsillectomy (including better asthma control), although anti-inflammatory therapy may improve symptoms and polysomnographic findings in children with nonsevere obstructive sleep apnea.
Source: Current Opinion in Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: PULMONOLOGY: Edited by David N. Cornfield Source Type: research

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Authors: Urban AE, Cubała WJ Abstract Eugeroics are a relatively new class of wakefulness-promoting agents. Thegroup includes adrafinil, modafinil and armodafinil. Modafinil is the most widely used and the best studied agent. Indications for the use of modafinil include the treatment of narcolepsy, shift-work sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Many studies show the utility of modafinil and armodafinil in the treatment of depression - both in monotherapy andas potentiation therapy if needed. Modafinil has proven to be effective in the treatment of residual symp...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 67Author(s): Jessica McNeil, Emily Heer, Romy F. Willemsen, Christine M. Friedenreich, Darren R. Brenner
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
WOODLAND HILLS, Calif., May 25, 2020 -- (Healthcare Sales &Marketing Network) -- 4DMedical, an Australian medical technology company specializing in medical imaging innovation software, announced today it has received clearance from the U.S. Food &Drug ... Diagnostics, Radiology, FDA 4DMedical, COVID-19, asthma, COPD, cystic fibrosis, lung cancer
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
At any given time, more than a third of Americans are on a specific diet, with weight loss as a leading reason. Most are going to be disappointed, because even when successful, lost weight is frequently regained within a few months. While most weight-loss diets can help you lose weight, they may be unsuccessful over the long run for a number of reasons. Some people don’t follow their diets carefully and don’t lose much weight even from the start. Others may go off the diet entirely after a while, because it’s too restrictive or the foods aren’t appealing. Some may engage in less physical activity as...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diet and Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
HOW TO live longer: The secret to long life expectancy is a healthy lifestyle, which includes eating a healthy, balanced diet, not smoking, limiting alcohol intake, getting plenty of sleep and regular exercise. But when it comes to exercise, which one is best?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusions:The absence of demographic or clinical predictors of OSA supports using general indications for PSG in children with ASD.Citation:Tomkies A, Johnson RF, Shah G, Caraballo M, Evans P, Mitchell RB. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with autism.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1469–1476.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this abstract is to evaluate preliminary clinical outcomes of the integrated SCD-pulmonary clinic during the intervention phase (July 2017-June 2018) compared to 24 months prior to implementation (July 2015-June 2017). We hypothesized an integrated clinic model would improve access to specialized pulmonary care for children with SCD and reduce hospitalizations for vaso-occlusive episodes (VOEs). The primary endpoints are adherence to pulmonary clinic appointments and unplanned acute healthcare utilization for SCD-related complications and/or asthma exacerbations. Secondary endpoints are the number of unpla...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 901. Health Services Research-Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster III Source Type: research
Objectives/HypothesisTo study rates of respiratory complications/interventions among inpatient tonsillectomy patients in the United States and identify risk factors for these events.Study DesignRetrospective database review.MethodsChildren (age  
Source: The Laryngoscope - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research
DiscussionObstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is defined as a “disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (obstructive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns.” It is different than primary snoring which is snoring without apnea, sleep arousals, or problems with gas exchange. OSAS symptoms include snoring (often with snorts, gasps or pauses), disturbed sleep (often frequent arousals) and daytime neurobehavioral problems. Sleepiness during the day can occur but is less common in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusions Compared to healthy controls, nNO is increased in children with SDB, but it is not correlated with disease severity. This is probably due to the local mechanical processes and snoring.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Asthma | Children | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Pediatrics | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Study | Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy | Tonsillitis